Psychology

Departmental Office: 406 Schermerhorn; 212-854-3608
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/psychology

Director of Undergraduate Studies, Undergraduate Programs, and Laboratories:
Prof. Lois Putnam, 314 Schermerhorn; 212-854-4550; putnam@psych.columbia.edu

Directors of Undergraduate Studies:

Psychology Major and Concentration:
Prof. Patricia Lindemann, 358E Schermerhorn Extension; 212-854-8285; pgl2@columbia.edu
Prof. Carl Hart, 401D Schermerhorn; 212-854-7080; clh42@columbia.edu
Prof. Dean Mobbs, 370 Schermerhorn Extension; 212-854-5318; dm2912@columbia.edu

Neuroscience and Behavior Major:
Psychology: Prof. Frances Champagne, 315 Schermerhorn; 212-854-2589; fchampag@psych.columbia.edu
Psychology: Prof. James Curley, 317 Schermerhorn; 212-854-7033; jc3181@columbia.edu
Biology: Prof. Jian Yang, 917A Fairchild; 212-854-6161; jy160@columbia.edu
Biology: Prof. Deborah Mowshowitz, 744 Mudd; 212-854-4497; dbm2@columbia.edu

Directors of Psychology Honors Program:
Prof. Kevin Ochsner, 369 Schermerhorn Extension; 212-851-9348; ochsner@psych.columbia.edu
Prof. Daphna Shohamy, 368 Schermerhorn Extension; 212-854-7560; shohamy@psych.columbia.edu

Preclinical Adviser: Prof. E'mett McCaskill, 415O Milbank; 212-854-8601; emccaski@barnard.edu

Administrative Coordinator: Joanna Borchert-Kopczuk, 406 Schermerhorn; 212-854-3940; jb2330@columbia.edu

Undergraduate Curriculum Assistant: Paulo Ribeiro, 406 Schermerhorn; 212-854-8859; uca@psych.columbia.edu

Undergraduate InfoPack: http://www.columbia.edu/cu/psychology/dept/ugrad/infopack.html

The mission of the undergraduate programs in the Department of Psychology is to offer students a balanced curriculum in psychological science, including research methods, perception, cognition, neuroscience, developmental, social, personality, and clinical areas. The curriculum prepares majors for graduate education in these fields and provides a relevant background for social work, education, medicine, law, and business. Psychology course offerings are designed to meet the varying needs and interests of students, from those wishing to explore a few topics in psychology or to fulfill the science requirement, to those interested in majoring in psychology or in neuroscience and behavior.

The department's program goals start with the development of a solid knowledge base in psychological science. Consistent with the value psychology places on empirical evidence, courses at every level of the curriculum nurture the development of skills in research methods, quantitative literacy, and critical thinking, and foster respect for the ethical values that undergird the science of psychology.

Most of these program goals are introduced in PSYC W1001 The Science of Psychology, the recommended first psychology course required for all majors, which satisfies the prerequisite for most 2000-level courses. These goals are extended and reinforced in our statistics PSYC W1610 Introductory Statistics for Behavioral Scientists and research methods (1400s) laboratory courses, as well as in the 2000-level lecture courses and 3000- and 4000-level seminars. Each of the 2000-level lecture courses enables students to study systematically, and in greater depth, one of the content areas introduced in PSYC W1001 The Science of Psychology. These lecture courses are the principal means by which psychology majors satisfy the distribution requirements, ensuring not only depth but also breadth of coverage across three central areas of psychology: (1) sensation/perception/cognition, (2) behavioral neuroscience, and (3) social/personality/abnormal. To complete the major, students take one or more advanced seminars and are encouraged to participate in supervised research courses, where they have the opportunity to explore research questions in depth and further develop their written and oral communication skills.

All qualified students are welcome to participate in research project opportunities within the Department of Psychology. Students may volunteer to work in a lab, register for supervised individual research (PSYC W3950 Supervised Individual Research), or participate in the department’s two-year Honors Program. Information on faculty research is available on the department’s website. Students are advised to read about research laboratories on faculty lab sites and visit the professor’s office hours to discuss opportunities. At the beginning of the fall term, the department also hosts a lab-preview event for students to learn about research opportunities for the upcoming semester.

Majors and concentrators in psychology and majors in neuroscience and behavior should begin planning a program of study as early as possible. All necessary forms and information are available in the Undergraduate InfoPack. Students wishing to declare a psychology major must first complete a Major Declaration Checklist and obtain departmental approval. All majors and concentrators in psychology and majors in neuroscience and behavior should complete a Major Requirement Checklist before consulting a program adviser to discuss program plans and before beginning their final semester.

Advising

The Department of Psychology offers a variety of advising resources to provide prospective and current undergraduate majors and concentrators with the information and support needed to successfully plan their programs. An overview of these resources is provided on the Psychology Undergraduate Advising Resources website.

Students are encouraged to consult with Peer, Faculty, and Program Advisers as they plan their course of study in psychology or neuroscience and behavior. Faculty and Peer advisers are important contacts for general advice on class choices, research opportunities, and post-graduation plans. For definitive answers to questions regarding major requirements and other aspects of your degree, including transfer credit, current and prospective majors should consult their Program Adviser or the Undergraduate Curriculum Assistant in the department office. Program Adviser assignments and contact information are provided on the Program Adviser page. Students who cannot contact their adviser should consult Prof. Putnam. For additional information about program, faculty, peer, and pre-clinical advising, please see the Psychology Undergraduate Advising Resources website.

E-mail Communication

The department maintains an e-mail distribution list with the UNIs of all declared majors and concentrators. Students are held responsible for information sent to their Columbia e-mail addresses. Students should read these messages from the department regularly and carefully. They are intended to keep students informed about deadlines, requirements, events, and opportunities. Prospective majors or concentrators who would like to be added to the e-mail distribution list should contact the Undergraduate Curriculum Assistant in the department office.

Guide to Course Numbers

Course numbers reflect the structure of the psychology curriculum:

  • The 1000-level contains introductions to psychology, introductory laboratory courses, and statistics. PSYC W1001 The Science of Psychology and PSYC W1010 Mind, Brain and Behavior are introductory courses with no prerequisites. Either one can serve as the prerequisite for most of the 2000-level courses. However, most students find it advantageous to take PSYC W1001 The Science of Psychology first.
  • The 2000-level contains lecture courses that are introductions to areas within psychology; most require PSYC W1001 The Science of Psychology or PSYC W1010 Mind, Brain and Behavior as a prerequisite.
  • The 3000-level contains more advanced and specialized undergraduate courses; most are given in a seminar format and require instructor permission.
  • The 3900s are the courses providing research opportunities for undergraduates.
  • The 4000-level contains advanced seminars suitable for both advanced undergraduates and graduate students.

Subcategories within the 2000-, 3000-, and 4000-levels correspond to the three groups in our distribution requirement for undergraduate psychology majors:

  1. perception and cognition (2200s, 3200s, and 4200s),
  2. psychobiology and neuroscience (2400s, 3400s, and 4400s), and
  3. social, personality, and abnormal (2600s, 3600s, and 4600s).

Note that Barnard psychology courses do not follow the same numbering scheme.

Honors Program

The department offers a two-year Honors Program, designed for a limited number of juniors and seniors interested in participating in research. Beginning in the first term of junior year and continuing through senior year, students take PSYC W3910 Honors Seminar and simultaneously participate in an honors research course (PSYC W3920 Honors Research) under the supervision of a member of the department. Students make a formal presentation and complete an honors essay based on this research toward the end of their senior year.

To qualify for honors, students must take a total of 6 points beyond the number required for their major and satisfy all other requirements for the major. The additional 6 points may include the Honors seminar and research courses. Interested students should apply at the end of their sophomore year. Instructions and an application form are available on the department's website. Normally no more than 10% of the graduating majors each year may receive departmental honors.

Requirements for Admission to Graduate Programs in Psychology

Most graduate programs in psychology, including those in clinical psychology, require:

An undergraduate course in introductory psychology:
PSYC W1001The Science of Psychology
A course in statistics such as one of the following:
PSYC W1610Introductory Statistics for Behavioral Scientists
STAT W1001Introduction to Statistical Reasoning
STAT W1111Introduction to Statistics (without calculus)
STAT W1211Introduction to Statistics (with calculus)
A laboratory course in experimental psychology such as one of the following:
PSYC W1420Experimental Psychology: Human Behavior
PSYC W1450Experimental Psychology: Social Cognition and Emotion
PSYC W1455Experimental Psychology: Social and Personality

Students should also take a variety of more advanced undergraduate courses and seminars and participate in PSYC W3950 Supervised Individual Research.

Students interested in clinical psychology should obtain experience working in a community service program and supervised individual research experience. Students should consult the department's pre-clinical adviser, Prof. E'mett McCaskill, and attend the department's pre-clinical advising events for more information. Additional resources to help prepare students for graduate study in psychology, and for careers in clinical psychology, are available on the Department of Psychology’s website.

On-Line Information

The Department of Psychology maintains an active website, in which the Undergraduate InfoPack for Current Students provides access to a wide variety of information for majors and prospective majors. Among other useful resources, students will find syllabi posted for most lecture and lab courses and for many advanced seminars. Students should read the on-line course syllabi prior to registering for psychology courses. For assistance in finding all necessary resources, students should contact the undergraduate curriculum assistant, 406 Schermerhorn, 212-854-8859, uca@psych.columbia.edu.

Science Requirement

PSYC W1001 The Science of PsychologyPSYC W1010 Mind, Brain and Behavior, and any PSYC course numbered in the W2200s or W2400s may be used to fulfill the science requirement.

W2600-level and some other psychology courses (including PSYC BC1001 Introduction to Psychology and other Barnard psychology courses) may not be used to fulfill the science requirement.

For more detailed information regarding psychology courses that may be applied toward the science requirement, see the Core Curriculum section in this bulletin.

For more detailed information regarding psychology courses that may be applied toward the science requirement, see Core Requirements in the General Studies bulletin.

Evening and Columbia Summer Courses

The department normally offers at least one lab course (currently PSYC W1420 Experimental Psychology: Human Behavior and PSYC W1450 Experimental Psychology: Social Cognition and Emotion) in the late afternoon with evening labs. A number of other courses are occasionally offered in late afternoon and evening hours. No more than one quarter of the courses required for the major are normally available in the evening. Working students may find the wide variety of early morning (8:40 a.m.) classes, as well as Summer Session offerings, helpful in completing degree requirements.

Any “S” course offered by the Psychology Department during the Summer Session is applicable toward the same major requirement(s) as the corresponding “W” course of that same number offered during the academic year. (For instance, PSYC S1001D The Science of Psychology meets the same major requirements as does PSYC W1001 The Science of Psychology.)

See Academic RegulationsStudy Outside Columbia College in this Bulletin for additional information.

See Summer Courses for policies governing Summer Session courses.

Professors

  • Niall Bolger
  • Geraldine Downey
  • William Fifer (Psychiatry, Pediatrics)
  • David Friedman (Psychiatry)
  • Norma Graham
  • Tory Higgins
  • Donald C. Hood
  • Sheena S. Iyengar (Business School)
  • David Krantz
  • Leonard Matin
  • Janet Metcalfe
  • Walter Mischel
  • Michael Morris (Business School)
  • Kevin Ochsner
  • Lois Putnam
  • Rae Silver (Barnard)
  • Ursula M. Staudinger (Mailman School of Public Health)
  • Yaakov Stern (Neurology and Psychiatry)
  • Herbert Terrace
  • Elke Weber

Associate Professors

  • Frances Champagne
  • Carl Hart
  • Valerie Purdie-Vaughns
  • Daphna Shohamy
  • Lisa Son (Barnard)
  • Nim Tottenham
  • Sarah M.N. Woolley (Chair)

Assistant Professors

  • James Curley
  • Christian Habeck (Neurology)
  • Dean Mobbs
  • Joshua New (Barnard)

Adjunct Faculty

  • Philip Costanzo
  • Katherine Thompson Fox-Glassman
  • Yunglin Gazes
  • Greg Jensen
  • Karen Kelly
  • E'mett McCaskill
  • Michele Miozzo
  • Katherine Nautiyal
  • Kathleen Taylor

Lecturer in Discipline

  • Patricia Lindemann

On Leave

  • Prof. Hood (2014-2015)
  • Profs. Graham and Putnam (Spring 2015)

Guidelines for all Psychology Majors, Concentrators, and Interdepartmental Majors

Double Majors/Concentrations

All students attempting to complete double majors, double concentrations, or a combination of a major and a concentration must complete separate sets of required and related courses for each field. A single course may not be counted twice. Students should consult with one of the directors of undergraduate studies or departmental advisers if they have questions. Note that students attempting to complete two majors with a statistics requirement are generally able to use one course—e.g., STAT W1211 Introduction to Statistics (with calculus)—to satisfy the requirement for both majors (i.e., the student does not need to take two different statistics courses); however, the points for the course may only be applied to one of the majors.

Overlapping Courses

Students can not receive credit for two courses—one at Columbia and one at Barnard—whose content largely overlaps (e.g., PSYC BC1001 Introduction to Psychology and PSYC W1001 The Science of Psychology or PSYC BC1138 Social Psychology and PSYC W2630 Social Psychology). Please refer to the table of Overlapping Courses for a partial list of courses known to overlap.

Grade Requirements for the Major

A grade of C- or higher must be earned and revealed on the transcript in any Columbia or Barnard course-including the first-that is used to satisfy the major requirements. The grade of P is not accepted for psychology major, psychology concentration, or neuroscience and behavior major credit. Courses taken on a Pass/D/Fail basis may not be used to satisfy the major or concentration requirements unless the grade of P is uncovered by the Registrar's deadline. Courses taken on a Pass/Fail basis may not be used to satisfy the major or concentration requirements under any circumstances.


Major in Psychology

Please read Guidelines for all Psychology Majors, Concentrators, and Interdepartmental Majors above.

Thirty or more points are needed to complete the major and must include:

The Introductory Psychology Course

A Statistics Course

Select one of the following:

  • PSYC W1610 Introductory Statistics for Behavioral Scientists
  • STAT W1001 Introduction to Statistical Reasoning
  • STAT W1111 Introduction to Statistics (without calculus)
  • STAT W1211 Introduction to Statistics (with calculus)

A Laboratory Course

Select one of the following:

  • PSYC W1420 Experimental Psychology: Human Behavior
  • PSYC W1450 Experimental Psychology: Social Cognition and Emotion
  • PSYC W1455 Experimental Psychology: Social and Personality

Majors are strongly advised to complete the statistics and laboratory requirements, in that order, by the fall term of their junior year. Students are advised to verify the specific prerequisites for laboratory courses, most of which require prior completion of a statistics course.

Distribution Requirement

One course (3 points or more) must be taken from each of the following three groups (in addition to the introductory, statistics, and laboratory courses described above):

  • Group I—Perception and cognition: courses numbered in the 2200s, 3200s, or 4200s. Also PSYC W1420 Experimental Psychology: Human Behavior.

  • Group II—Psychobiology and neuroscience: courses numbered in the 2400s, 3400s, or 4400s. Also PSYC W1010 Mind, Brain and Behavior

  • Group III—Social, personality, and abnormal: courses numbered in the 2600s, 3600s, or 4600s. Also PSYC W1450 Experimental Psychology: Social Cognition and Emotion and PSYC W1455 Experimental Psychology: Social and Personality

No course may be counted twice in fulfillment of the above requirements.

Seminar Requirement

For students entering Columbia in Fall 2013, or later, one seminar course numbered in the 3000s or 4000s must be taken for 3 or more points. Seminars are usually taken in the senior year as a culmination of the major program. Seminar courses require permission of the instructor; students are advised to contact instructors one month prior to registration to obtain permission to register. Note that Honors and Supervised individual research courses (PSYC W3920 Honors Research and PSYC W3950 Supervised Individual Research) are not seminar courses and will not meet the seminar requirement.

No course may be counted twice in fulfillment of the above major requirements, with the following exception: a seminar course may fulfill both the seminar requirement and a group requirement if it meets the criteria for both.

Additional Courses

Additional Courses ("electives") must be taken for a total of 30 points. As described below, these may include research courses, transfer courses, and Barnard psychology courses not approved for specific requirements.

Research Credits

No more than 4 points of PSYC W3950 Supervised Individual Research may be taken in any one term, and no more than 8 points total of research and field work courses (PSYC W3950 Supervised Individual Research, PSYC BC3466 Field Work and Research Seminar: The Barnard Toddler Center, PSYC BC3473 Field Work Seminar in Psychological Services and Counseling, PSYC BC3592 Senior Research Seminar and PSYC BC3599 Individual Projects) may be applied toward the major (see below for further restrictions on applying Barnard courses toward the psychology major).

Barnard Courses

No more than 9 points from Barnard psychology courses may be applied as credit toward the major. The table of approved Barnard psychology courses indicates which courses have been approved for specific requirements of the psychology major. Courses not on the approved list may only be applied toward a specific requirement with prior written approval from a program adviser. Courses not on the approved list for a specific requirement may be applied as elective credit toward the 30 points for the major.

Transfer Credits

No more than 9 transfer credits (including Barnard credits) are accepted toward the psychology major. Approval of transfer credits on a student’s Entrance Credit Report toward general requirements for the B.A. degree does not grant approval of these credits toward the psychology major. Approval of transfer credits to fulfill psychology requirements must be obtained in writing from a psychology program adviser on the Major Requirement Substitution Form. To be approved for the major, a course taken at another institution should be substantially similar to one offered by the department, the grade received must be a B- or better, and the course must have been taken within the past 8 years. With the exception of approved Barnard courses, students should consult one of the directors of undergraduate studies before registering for psychology courses outside the department.

Students who have completed an introductory psychology course at another institution prior to declaring a psychology major should consult one of the directors of undergraduate studies to verify whether or not this course meets departmental standards for major transfer credit. If transfer credit toward the major is not approved, the student must enroll in PSYC W1001 The Science of Psychology or PSYC BC1001 Introduction to Psychology to complete this major requirement. Note that College Board Advanced Placement (AP) psychology scores do not satisfy the PSYC W1001 The Science of Psychology requirement, nor do they confer elective credit toward the major.


Major in Neuroscience and Behavior

Please read Guidelines for all Psychology Majors, Concentrators, and Interdepartmental Majors above.

The department cosponsors an interdepartmental major in neuroscience and behavior with the Department of Biological Sciences. For assistance in planning the psychology portion of the neuroscience and behavior major, refer to the Program Planning Tips website and use the appropriate Major Requirement Checklist.

No course may be counted twice in fulfillment of the biology or psychology requirements described below. Most graduate programs in neuroscience also require one year of calculus, one year of physics, and chemistry through organic.

Required Courses

In addition to one year of general chemistry (or the high school equivalent), ten courses are required to complete the major—five from the Department of Biological Sciences and five from the Department of Psychology. For the definitive list of biology requirements, see The Department of Biological Sciences website.

Required Biology Courses

  1. BIOL C2005 Introductory Biology I: Biochemistry, Genetics & Molecular Biology
  2. BIOL C2006 Introductory Biology II: Cell Biology, Development & Physiology
  3. BIOL W3004 Neurobiology I: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
  4. BIOL W3005 Neurobiology II: Development & Systems
  5. One additional 3000- or 4000-level biology course from a list approved by the biology adviser to the program.

Required Psychology Courses

  1. PSYC W1001 The Science of Psychology
  2. PSYC W1010 Mind, Brain and Behavior or PSYC W2450 Behavioral Neuroscience
  3. Select a statistics or lab course from the following:

    • PSYC W1420 Experimental Psychology: Human Behavior
    • PSYC W1450 Experimental Psychology: Social Cognition and Emotion
    • PSYC W1610 Introductory Statistics for Behavioral Scientists
    • STAT W1111 Introduction to Statistics (without calculus)
    • STAT W1211 Introduction to Statistics (with calculus)
  4. One additional 2000- or 3000-level psychology lecture course from a list approved by the psychology adviser to the program. 
  5. One advanced psychology seminar from a list approved by the psychology adviser to the program.

Transfer Credit for Psychology Courses Taken Elsewhere

Students should consult a psychology adviser before registering for psychology courses offered outside the department. With the adviser's approval, one, and only one, course from another institution, including Barnard, may be applied toward the psychology portion of the neuroscience and behavior major. Students who wish to obtain credit for a course taken at Barnard or at another institution should complete the Major Requirement Substitution Form. To be approved for the major, the course should be substantially similar to one offered by this department and approved for this major, and the grade received must be a C- or better if from Barnard, or B- or better if from another institution. Advanced placement (AP) psychology scores will not satisfy the PSYC W1001 The Science of Psychology requirement.

Exceptions to Biology Requirements

Any exceptions must be approved in advance by a biology adviser and students must receive an email notification of that approval. Students may substitute Barnard College courses only with prior permission from an adviser.


Concentration in Psychology

Please read Guidelines for all Psychology Majors, Concentrators, and Interdepartmental Majors above.

A concentration in psychology requires a minimum of 18 points, including PSYC W1001 The Science of Psychology and courses in at least two of the three groups listed under “Distribution Requirement” for the psychology major. Restrictions on research credits, Barnard credits, and transfer credits are modified from those of the psychology major as follows:

  1. Only 4 points total from PSYC W3950 Supervised Individual Research, PSYC BC3466 Field Work and Research Seminar: The Barnard Toddler Center, PSYC BC3473 Field Work Seminar in Psychological Services and Counseling, PSYC BC3592 Senior Research Seminar and PSYC BC3599 Individual Projects,
  2. Only 5 points from Barnard (including PSYC BC1001 Introduction to Psychology), and
  3. Only 5 points total (including any Barnard points) from psychology courses taken outside the department may be applied toward the concentration.

Except as noted above, other regulations outlined in the psychology major section regarding grades, transfer credits, and overlapping courses also apply toward the concentration.

PSYC W1001 The Science of Psychology. 3 points.

CC/GS: Partial Fulfillment of Science Requirement

Enrollment may be limited. Attendance at the first two class periods is mandatory. Broad survey of psychological science including: sensation and perception; learning, memory, intelligence, language, and cognition; emotions and motivation; development, personality, health and illness, and social behavior. Discusses relations between the brain, behavior, and experience. Emphasizes science as a process of discovering both new ideas and new empirical results. 

Fall 2014: PSYC W1001
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 1001 001/27222 T Th 1:10pm - 2:25pm
501 Schermerhorn Hall
Patricia Lindemann 3 188/150
PSYC 1001 002/10726 M W 8:40am - 9:55am
501 Schermerhorn Hall
Kathleen Taylor 3 158/150

PSYC W1010 Mind, Brain and Behavior. 3 points.

CC/GS: Partial Fulfillment of Science Requirement

Introduction to the biological approach to the experimental study of behavior. Includes consideration of the types of biological data relevant to psychology, as well as the assumptions and logic permitting the interpretation of biological data in psychological terms. 

Fall 2014: PSYC W1010
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 1010 001/17331 T Th 11:40am - 12:55pm
501 Schermerhorn Hall
Dean Mobbs 3 185/200

PSYC W1420 Experimental Psychology: Human Behavior. 4 points.

Lab Required

Prerequisites: PSYC W1001 or PSYC W1010, and a statistics course (PSYC W1610 or the equivalent), or the instructor's permission.
Corequisites: PSYC W1421

Attendance at the first class is mandatory. Fee: $70. Introduction to the techniques of research employed in the study of human behavior. Students gain experience in the conduct of research, including design of simple experiments, observation and measurement techniques, and the analysis of behavioral data.

PSYC W1421 Experimental Psychology: Human Behavior (Lab). 0 points.

Corequisites: PSYC W1420

Required lab section for PSYC W1420. Enrollment limited in each section.

PSYC W1450 Experimental Psychology: Social Cognition and Emotion. 4 points.

Lab Required

Prerequisites: PSYC W1001 or PSYC W1010, and a statistics course (PSYC W1610 or the equivalent), or the instructor's permission. Fee: $70.
Corequisites: PSYC W1451. Attendance at the first class is essential. Majors have priority.

An introduction to research methods employed in the study of human social cognition and emotion. Students gain experience in the design and conduct of research, including ethical issues, observation and measurement techniques, interpretation of data, and preparation of written and oral reports.

Fall 2014: PSYC W1450
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 1450 001/28937 M 4:10pm - 6:00pm
614 Schermerhorn Hall
Kevin Ochsner 4 57/80

PSYC W1451 Experimental Psychology: Social Cognition and Emotion (Lab). 0 points.

Corequisites: PSYC W1450

Required Lab for PSYC W1450. Limited enrollment in each section.

Fall 2014: PSYC W1451
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 1451 001/26623 M 6:10pm - 8:00pm
Kevin Ochsner 0 14/18
PSYC 1451 002/73424 W 6:10pm - 8:00pm
Kevin Ochsner 0 19/18
PSYC 1451 003/73755 M 8:10pm - 10:00pm
Kevin Ochsner 0 7/18
PSYC 1451 004/71840 M 6:10pm - 8:00pm
Kevin Ochsner 0 17/18
PSYC 1451 005/14187 T 4:10pm - 6:00pm
Kevin Ochsner 0 0/18

PSYC W1455 Experimental Psychology: Social and Personality. 4 points.

Lab Required

Prerequisites: PSYC W1001 or PSYC W1010, and a statistics course (PSYC W1610 or the equivalent), or the instructor's permission.
Corequisites: PSYC W1456

Fee: $70. Methodology and procedures of personality and social psychological research and exercises in data analysis and research design. Statistical concepts such as reliability and validity, methods of constructing personality measures, merits and limitations of correlational and experimental research designs, and empirical evaluation of theories. Student teams conduct research projects.

PSYC W1456 Experimental Psychology: Social and Personality (Lab). 0 points.

Required lab for PSYC W1455. Limited enrollment in each section.

PSYC W1610 Introductory Statistics for Behavioral Scientists. 4 points.

Lab Required

Prerequisites: PSYC W1001 or PSYC W1010
Corequisites: PSYC W1611

Lecture and lab. Fee $70. Recommended preparation: one course in behavioral science and knowledge of high school algebra. Majors have priority. Introduction to statistics that concentrates on problems from the behavioral sciences.

Fall 2014: PSYC W1610
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 1610 001/20198 T Th 4:10pm - 5:25pm
200b Schermerhorn Hall
Gregory Jensen 4 32/60

PSYC W1611 Introductory Statistics for Behavioral Scientists (Lab). 0 points.

Corequisites: PSYC W1610

Enrollment limited in each session. Required lab section for PSYC W1610.

Fall 2014: PSYC W1611
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 1611 001/67165 Th 6:10pm - 8:00pm
Gregory Jensen 0 15/15
PSYC 1611 002/75252 Th 8:10pm - 10:00pm
Gregory Jensen 0 9/15
PSYC 1611 003/73379 F 10:10am - 12:00pm
Gregory Jensen 0 8/15
PSYC 1611 004/23165 F 12:10pm - 2:00pm
Gregory Jensen 0 0/0

PSYC W2220 Cognition: Memory and Stress. 3 points.

CC/GS: Partial Fulfillment of Science Requirement

Prerequisites: PSYC W1001 or PSYC W1010, or the instructor's permission.

Attendance at the first class is mandatory. Memory, attention, and stress in human cognition.

Fall 2014: PSYC W2220
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 2220 001/69639 M W 2:40pm - 3:55pm
614 Schermerhorn Hall
Janet Metcalfe 3 62/80

PSYC W2235 Thinking and Decision Making. 3 points.

CC/GS: Partial Fulfillment of Science Requirement

Prerequisites: an introductory course in psychology.

Models of judgment and decision making in both certain and uncertain or risky situations, illustrating the interplay of top-down (theory-driven) and bottom-up (data-driven) processes in creating knowledge. Focuses on how individuals do and should make decisions, with some extensions to group decision making and social dilemmas.

PSYC W2250 Evolution of Cognition. 3 points.

CC/GS: Partial Fulfillment of Science Requirement

Prerequisites: PSYC W1001 or PSYC W1010, or the instructor's permission.

A systematic review of different forms of cognition as viewed in the context of the theory of evolution. Specific topics include the application of the theory of evolution to behavior, associative learning, biological constraints on learning, methods for studying the cognitive abilities of animals, levels of representation, ecological influences on cognition, and evidence of consciousness in animals.

PSYC W2280 Introduction to Developmental Psychology. 3 points.

CC/GS: Partial Fulfillment of Science Requirement

Prerequisites: PSYC W1001 or PSYC W1010, or the equivalent.

Enrollment may be limited. Attendance at the first two classes is mandatory. Introduction to the scientific study of human development, with an emphasis on psychobiological processes underlying perceptual, cognitive, and emotional development.

PSYC W2440 Language and the Brain. 3 points.

Prerequisites: PSYC W1001 or PSYC W1010, or the instructor's permission.

Introduction to psychological research on human language and communication and to brain mechanisms supporting language processing. Topics include comprehension and production of speech sounds, words and sentences; reading and writing; bilingualism; communication behavior.

Fall 2014: PSYC W2440
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 2440 001/61945 M W 11:40am - 12:55pm
702 Hamilton Hall
Michele Miozzo 3 49/80

PSYC W2450 Behavioral Neuroscience. 3 points.

CC/GS: Partial Fulfillment of Science Requirement

Prerequisites: PSYC W1001 or PSYC W1010, or the instructor's permission.

Examines the principles governing neuronal activity, the role of neurotransmitter systems in memory and motivational processes, the presumed brain dysfunctions that give rise to schizophrenia and depression, and philosophical issues regarding the relationship between brain activity and subjective experience.

PSYC W2460 Drugs and Behavior. 3 points.

CC/GS: Partial Fulfillment of Science Requirement

Prerequisites: PSYC W1001 or PSYC W1010, or the equivalent.

The effects of psychoactive drugs on the brain and behavior. 

Fall 2014: PSYC W2460
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 2460 001/71650 T Th 8:40am - 9:55am
614 Schermerhorn Hall
Carl Hart 3 101/125

PSYC W2480 The Developing Brain. 3 points.

Prerequisites: PSYC W1001 or PSYC W1010, or the instructor's permission.

Brain development across the life span, with emphasis on fetal and postnatal periods. How the environment shapes brain development and hence adult patterns of behavior.

Fall 2014: PSYC W2480
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 2480 001/15656 M W 10:10am - 11:25am
614 Schermerhorn Hall
Frances Champagne 3 40/95

PSYC W2620 Abnormal Behavior. 3 points.

Prerequisites: an introductory psychology course.

Examines definitions, theories, and treatments of abnormal behavior.

Fall 2014: PSYC W2620
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 2620 001/17834 T Th 6:10pm - 7:25pm
501 Schermerhorn Hall
E'mett McCaskill 3 127/160

PSYC W2630 Social Psychology. 3 points.

BC: Fulfillment of General Education Requirement: Social Analysis (SOC).

Surveys important methods, findings, and theories in the study of social influences on behavior. Emphasizes different perspectives on the relation between individuals and society.

Fall 2014: PSYC W2630
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 2630 001/75049 T Th 2:40pm - 3:55pm
501 Schermerhorn Hall
Tory Higgins 3 130/150

PSYC W2650 Introduction to Cultural Psychology. 3 points.

Prerequisites: none; some basic knowledge of social psychology is desirable.

A comprehensive examination of how culture and diversity shape psychological processes. The class will explore psychological and political underpinnings of culture and diversity, emphasizing social psychological approaches. Topics include culture and social cognition, group and identity formation, psychology of multiculturalism, stereotyping, prejudice, and gender. Applications to real-world phenomena discussed. 

PSYC W2670 Social Development. 3 points.

Prerequisites: PSYC W1001 or W1010 or the equivalent

This lecture course introduces students to the study of typical human social development with a particular focus on genetic, familial and peer influences on the development of social behaviors during early childhood.

PSYC W3250 Seminar in Space Perception (Seminar). 3 points.

Some background in psychology and/or neurophysiology is desirable (e.g., PSYC W1001, PSYC W1010, PSYC W1480, PSYC W2230; BIOL C3004 or BIOL C3005). Other backgrounds may also be appropriate; contact instructor for permission to register. Space perception and spatial orientation in a three-dimensional physical world will be examined from a viewpoint that integrates neurophysiological and behavioral research. Experiments involve perceptual phenomena and measurement, and electrical and/or mechanical recording in normal and unusual environments (e.g., human centrifuge, zero-g).

PSYC W3255 Modern Classics in Visual Perception, Visual Science and Visual Neuroscience (Seminar). 3 points.

Prerequisites: Some background in perceptual or sensory processes or neurophysiology or physical sciences/math/computer science; contact instructor for permission to register.

Reading and discussion of classic articles from the past 60 years providing a foundation for the rapidly expanding fields of visual perception, visual science, and visual neuroscience and their connections with computer modeling (with a sprinkling from research on audition); primary source articles will be accompanied by secondary source and brief lecture material to introduce each topic.

PSYC W3270 Computational Approaches to Human Vision (Seminar). 3 points.

Prerequisites: some background in psychology and/or neurophysiology (e.g., PSYC W1001, PSYC W1010, PSYC W2230, PSYC W2450; BIOL W3004 or BIOL W3005) is desirable. See instructor if you have questions about your background. Some background in mathematics and computer science (e.g., calculus or linear algebra, a programming language) is highly recommended.

Study of human vision--both behavioral and physiological data--within a framework of computational and mathematical descriptions. [Please contact Prof. Graham by e-mail (nvg@psych.columbia.edu) if you are interested in this course].

Fall 2014: PSYC W3270
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 3270 001/65916  
Norma Graham 3 4/12

PSYC W3290 Self: A Cognitive Exploration (Seminar). 4 points.

Prerequisites: PSYC W1001 or W1010 (or the equivalent), plus the instructor's permission.

What does it mean to have a sense of self? Is it uniquely human? Taking a cognitive perspective, we will discuss these questions as well as self-reflective and self-monitoring abilities, brain structures relevant to self-processing, and disorders of self. We will also consider the self from evolutionary, developmental, neuroscience, and psychopathological perspectives.

Fall 2014: PSYC W3290
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 3290 001/65419 Th 12:10pm - 2:00pm
405 Schermerhorn Hall
Karen Kelly 4 14/12

PSYC W3435 Neurobiology of Reproductive Behavior (Seminar). 4 points.

Prerequisites: at least two other psychology courses and the instructor's permission.

Reproduction encompasses a broad range of behaviors in the life cycle of an organism from mate selection and copulation to parental care. This seminar will examine various aspects of reproduction across species and the neural mechanisms that regulate these behaviors and allow an organism to adapt to environmental change.

PSYC W3450 Evolution of Intelligence and Consciousness (Seminar). 3 points.

Prerequisites: PSYC W1001 or PSYC W1010 and the instructor's permission.

A systematic review of the implications of Darwin's theory of evolution and Freud's theory of the unconscious for contemporary studies of animal and human cognition.

Fall 2014: PSYC W3450
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 3450 001/17487 W 10:10am - 12:00pm
200c Schermerhorn Hall
Herbert Terrace 3 9/10

PSYC W3470 Brain Evolution: Becoming Human (Seminar). 4 points.

Prerequisites: at least two other psychology courses and the instructor's permission.

An investigation of the uniqueness of the human brain and human behavior from an evolutionary perspective.

Fall 2014: PSYC W3470
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 3470 001/72600 F 10:10am - 12:00pm
405 Schermerhorn Hall
James Curley 4 8/15

PSYC W3615 Children at Risk (Lecture). 4 points.

Prerequisites: PSYC W1010, PSYC W2280, PSYC W2620, or PSYC W2680, and the instructor's permission.

Considers contemporary risk factors in children's lives. The immediate and enduring biological and behavioral impact of risk factors.

Fall 2014: PSYC W3615
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 3615 001/61994 T Th 10:10am - 12:00pm
200b Schermerhorn Hall
Geraldine Downey 4 9/40

PSYC W3625 Clinical Neuropsychology (Seminar). 3 points.

Prerequisites: an introductory course in Neuroscience, like PSYC W1010 or PSYC W2450, and the instructor's permission.

Analysis of the assessment of physical and psychiatric diseases impacting the central nervous system, with emphasis on the relationship between neuropathology and cognitive and behavioral deficits.

PSYC W3628 Primate Social Psychology (Seminar). 4 points.

Prerequisites: Science of Psychology (PSYC 1001) or Mind, Brain, and Behavior (PSYC 1010), or equivalent introductory psychology course, plus instructor permission.

This seminar covers recent progress in the growing field of primate social behavior and cognition. Most primate species live in complex social groups, requiring sophisticated knowledge of relationships and social processes in order to survive therein. Topics in this course range from aggression and dominance to affiliation, altruism and cooperation, with a special emphasis on contemporary debates such as the origin of moral systems and the question of animal ‘culture.’ Readings, discussions, and assignments will center on various theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of primate sociality, generating new insights and questions for pertinent dimensions of human social psychology.

Fall 2014: PSYC W3628
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 3628 001/11197 W 12:10pm - 2:00pm
200c Schermerhorn Hall
Christine Webb 4 13

PSYC W3680 Social Cognitive Neuroscience (Seminar). 3 points.

Prerequisites: At least two of the following courses: PSYC W1001, W1010, W2630, W3410, W3480, W3485; and instructor’s permission.

An introduction to the emerging interdisciplinary field of social cognitive neuroscience, which examines topics traditionally of interest to social psychologists (including control and automaticity, emotion regulation, person perception, social cooperation) using methods traditionally employed by cognitive neuroscientists (functional neuroimaging, neuropsychological assessment).

Fall 2014: PSYC W3680
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 3680 001/75915 M 10:10am - 12:00pm
405 Schermerhorn Hall
Kevin Ochsner 3 10/12

PSYC W3910 Honors Seminar. 1 point.

Prerequisites: open only to students in the honors program.

Yearlong course. Students receive credit only after both terms have been completed. May be repeated for additional credit. Discussion of a variety of topics in psychology, with particular emphasis on recent developments and methodological problems. Students propose and discuss special research topics.

Fall 2014: PSYC W3910
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 3910 001/27884 W 4:10pm - 6:00pm
405 Schermerhorn Hall
Daphna Shohamy 1 13

PSYC W3920 Honors Research. 1-4 points.

Prerequisites: open only to students in the honors program.

Except by special permission of the director of undergraduate studies, no more than 4 points of individual research may be taken in any one term. This includes both PSYC W3950 and PSYC W3920. No more than 12 points of PSYC W3920 may be applied toward the honors program in psychology. May be repeated for additional credit. Special research topics arranged with instructors of the department leading toward a senior honors paper.

Fall 2014: PSYC W3920
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 3920 001/15361  
Daphna Shohamy 1-4 13

PSYC W3950 Supervised Individual Research. 1-4 points.

Prerequisites: the instructor's permission.

Except by special permission of the director of undergraduate studies, no more than 4 points of individual research may be taken in any one term. This includes both PSYC W3950 and PSYC W3920. No more than 8 points of PSYC W3950 may be applied toward the psychology major, and no more than 4 points toward the concentration. May be repeated for credit. Readings, special laboratory projects, reports, and special seminars on contemporary issues in psychological research and theory.

Fall 2014: PSYC W3950
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 3950 001/20638  
Niall Bolger 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 002/72068  
Frances Champagne 1-4 1
PSYC 3950 003/20646  
James Curley 1-4 2
PSYC 3950 004/20565  
Geraldine Downey 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 005/72475  
Norma Graham 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 006/26028  
Carl Hart 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 007/23800  
Tory Higgins 1-4 5
PSYC 3950 008/74647  
Donald Hood 1-4 2
PSYC 3950 009/11077  
Sheena Iyengar 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 010/69760  
David Krantz 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 011/62936  
Leonard Matin 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 012/22380  
Janet Metcalfe 1-4 1
PSYC 3950 013/12615  
Michele Miozzo 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 014/71460  
Walter Mischel 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 015/20031  
Dean Mobbs 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 016/19015  
Michael Morris 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 017/74624  
Kevin Ochsner 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 018/28537  
Valerie Purdie-Vaughns 1-4 4
PSYC 3950 019/22532  
Lois Putnam 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 021/17344  
Daphna Shohamy 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 022/14955  
Rae Silver 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 023/21810  
Ursula Staudinger 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 024/10226  
Yaakov Stern 1-4 1
PSYC 3950 025/13742  
Kathleen Taylor 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 026/26118  
Herbert Terrace 1-4 2
PSYC 3950 027/63626  
Nim Tottenham 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 028/75931  
Elke Weber 1-4 0
PSYC 3950 029/14400  
Sarah Woolley 1-4 0

PSYC G4222 The Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging (Seminar). 4 points.

Prerequisites: courses in introductory psychology, cognitive psychology, and the instructor's permission.

Comprehensive overview of various conceptual and methodologic approaches to studying the cognitive neuroscience of aging. The course will emphasize the importance of combining information from cognitive experimental designs, epidemiologic studies, neuroimaging, and clinical neuropsychological approaches to understand individual differences in both healthy and pathological aging.

Fall 2014: PSYC G4222
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 4222 001/60902 W 10:10am - 12:00pm
405 Schermerhorn Hall
Yunglin Gazes, Christian Habeck 4 11/15

PSYC G4223 Memory and Executive Function Thru the Lifespan. 4 points.

Prerequisites: Instructor's permission plus PSYC W1001 or W1010, or the equivalent. Optimal preparation will include some background in experimental design and statistics.

Memory and executive processing are critical cognitive functions required for successfully navigating everyday life. In lifespan studies, both exhibit relatively long developmental trajectories followed by stasis and then relative decline in old age. Yet, neither memory nor executive function is a unitary construct. Rather, each is comprised of separable components that may show different developmental trajectories and declines or maintenance at older ages. Moreover, memory is malleable and is a reconstruction of past experience, not an exact reproduction. We will discuss a range of topics related to the development, maintenance and potential decline in memory and executive function from infancy through old age.

PSYC G4235 Special Topics in Vision (Seminar). 3 points.

Prerequisites: instructor's permission.

May be repeated for additional credit. [Please contact Prof. Graham by e-mail (nvg@psych.columbia.edu) if you are interested in this course].

Fall 2014: PSYC G4235
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 4235 001/29302  
Norma Graham 3 6/12

PSYC G4270 Cognitive Processes (Seminar). 3 points.

Prerequisites: for undergraduates: one course in cognitive psychology or cognitive neuroscience, or the equivalent, and the instructor's permission.

Metacognition and control processes in human cognition. Basic issues include the cognitive mechanisms that enable people to monitor what they know and predict what they will know, the errors and biases involved in self-monitoring, and the implications of metacognitive ability for people's self-determined learning, behavior, and their understanding of self.

Fall 2014: PSYC G4270
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 4270 001/07774 T 10:10am - 12:00pm
405 Schermerhorn Hall
Lisa Son 3 4/12

PSYC G4285 Multidisciplinary Approaches to Human Decision Making (Seminar). 1-3 points.

Prerequisites: PSYC W1490 or PSYC W2235, and the instructor's permission.

Discussion of selected topics and issues in human decision making. May be repeated for additional credit.

PSYC G4440 Topics in Neurobiology and Behavior (Seminar). 3 points.

Prerequisites: the instructor's permission.

Examines current topics in neurobiology and behavior.

Fall 2014: PSYC G4440
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 4440 001/67905 Th 4:10pm - 6:00pm
405 Schermerhorn Hall
Rae Silver 3 6/15

PSYC G4470 Psychology & Neuropsychology of Language (Seminar). 4 points.

Prerequisites: The instructor's permission (a course in the psychology of language or linguistics highly recommended).

This seminar surveys current theories of language production. We will examine psycholinguitsic and neuroimaging studies of word and sentence production conducted with monolingual and bilingual speakers, and individuals with acquired language impairments.

PSYC G4480 Psychobiology of Infant Development (Seminar). 4 points.

Prerequisites: TBA

TBA

PSYC G4485 Affective Neuroscience (Seminar). 4 points.

Prerequisites: PSYC W1001 plus W1010 or 2450 or equivalent, plus permission of the instructor.

This seminar explores the neural systems and behaviors that underlie human, and sometimes animal, emotions.  Question will include: why we have emotions, what is their survival value, why do we find funny jokes rewarding, and why we envy, feel guilt or joyfully embrace love.  We will review some of the latest literature on these topics and discuss implications for understanding human behavior. We will finally discuss disorders such as depression, anxiety, aggression, and psychopathy that are associated with disruptions to the neural systems that regulate healthy emotion.

Fall 2014: PSYC G4485
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 4485 001/65205 F 2:10pm - 4:00pm
200c Schermerhorn Hall
Dean Mobbs 4 13/12

PSYC G4486 Developmental and Affective Neuroscience (Seminar). 4 points.

Prerequisites: Courses in developmental psychology, and either research methods or affective neuroscience, and instructor's permission.

Introduction to leading theoretical perspectives employed by developmental psychologists in the study of affective neuroscience. Exploration of the developmental brain and behavior relationships in humans and animal models of typical and atypical emotional behavior, with a critical reading of recent research findings in the field.

Fall 2014: PSYC G4486
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 4486 001/79280 Th 2:10pm - 4:00pm
405 Schermerhorn Hall
Nim Tottenham 4 8/12

PSYC G4490 Inheritance (Seminar). 4 points.

Prerequisites: basic knowledge of biology and neuroscience recommended; instructor's permission required.

Explores the concept of inheritance and the mechanisms through which inheritance is mediated. Will focus on the generational transmission of physiology and behavior, but will also consider the inheritance of culture and language.

PSYC G4615 The Psychology of Culture and Diversity (Seminar). 4 points.

Prerequisites: the instructor's permission; some basic knowledge of social psychology is desirable.

A comprehensive examination of how culture and diversity shape psychological processes. The class will explore psychological and political underpinnings of culture and diversity, emphasizing social psychological approaches. Topics include culture and self, cuture and social cognition, group and identity formation, science of diversity, stereotyping, prejudice, and gender. Applications to real-world phenomena discussed.

Fall 2014: PSYC G4615
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PSYC 4615 001/20327 T 2:10pm - 4:00pm
405 Schermerhorn Hall
Valerie Purdie-Vaughns 4 18/12
PSYC 4615 007/78049  
Valerie Purdie-Vaughns 4 0/16
PSYC 4615 008/81998  
Emily Steiker-Epstein 4 0/16
PSYC 4615 009/85998  
Shelby Hartman 4 0/16

PSYC G4630 Advanced Seminar in Current Personality Theory and Research (Seminar). 3 points.

Prerequisites: instructor's permission.

Open to psychology graduate students and advanced undergraduate psychology majors with the instructor's permission. Critical review and analysis of basic and enduring issues in personality theory, assessment, and research.

PSYC G4690 Social Factors and Psychopathology (Seminar). 3 points.

Prerequisites: instructor's permission.

Reviews and integrates current research on the role of social factors in psychopathology. The immediate and long-term effects of chronic and traumatic stressors originating outside the family (e.g., natural disasters, chronic poverty) and inside the family (e.g., family violence, divorce, parental psychopathology) on psychopathology.