E&E: Energy and Resource Management Focus Area

The Energy and Resource Management (ERM)  focus area caters to students who are jointly interested in energy and natural resource issues, allowing for development of a comprehensive toolset of technical, policy, and business methods that apply across the energy, water, food, materials, and environment sectors. Students with an interest in development, corporate sustainability, urban studies, and infrastructure investment, among others, might enroll in this focus area to tailor their studies.

Students in the Energy and Resource Management Focus Area must complete two (2) required courses, one (1) Energy and Environment Policy course, and two (2) Energy or Environment courses.

Note: Students must achieve a grade at least B- in SIPA U4200 or SIPA U6400 in order to concentrate in E&E. 

Core Requirements

1. Students must complete the following two courses (6 points):

INAF U6072Energy Systems Fundamentals3
INAF U6071Environmental Fundamentals3

Energy and Environment Policy Courses

2. Students must also complete one of the following Energy and Environment Policy courses (3 points):

ENVP U6228Corporate Sustainability and the Role of Government in Advancing Environmental Social Performance3
ENVP U6239The Politics and Policy of Urban Sustainability3
ENVP U6241Earth Systems and Environmental Politics, Policy, and Management3
ENVP U6320Political Context of Public/Private Environmental Management3
INAF U6061Global Energy Policy3
INAF U6116Infrastructure Cost Benefit Analysis3
INAF U6135Renewable Energy Markets and Policy3
INAF U6242Energy Policy3
INAF U6243International Environmental Policy3
INAF U6261Making Climate Policy in the US 1.5
INAF U6429Energy Industry in the BRICS3
INAF U8537Climate Change Policy3
INAF U8778Distributed Energy Economics, Technology, and Policy3
INAF U8909Environment, Conflict Resolution Strategies3
LAW L6038Climate Change Law3
LAW L6040International Environmental Law2
LAW L6242Environmental Law3
LAW L8036Natural Resources Law2
LAW L8452Seminar: Energy Law2
SUMA PS4100Sustainability Management3
SUMA K4301International Environmental Law3
OtherAs Approved3

Energy or Environment Electives

3. Students must also complete two of the following Energy or Environment courses (6 points):

EHSC P8304Public Health Impacts of Climate Change3
ENVP U6224Environmental Data Analysis3
ENVP U6228Corporate Sustainability and the Role of Government in Advancing Environmental Social Performance3
ENVP U6230Economics of Sustainable Development3
ENVP U6233Environmental Finance Prep0
ENVP U6235Environmental Finance3
ENVP U6239The Politics and Policy of Urban Sustainability3
ENVP U6241Earth Systems and Environmental Politics, Policy, and Management3
ENVP U6250Poverty, Inequality, and the Environment3
ENVP U6275GIS for International Studies3
ENVP U6320Political Context of Public/Private Environmental Management3
ENVP U6400Financing the Green Economy: Markets, Business, Politics3
INAF U4420Oil, Rights and Development1
INAF U6040International Energy Project Finance3
INAF U6042Energy Business Economic Development3
INAF U6048Oil and Gas Scenarios and Risk Analysis3
INAF U6051Infrastructure Investment and Development1.5
INAF U6054Petroleum Markets Trading3
INAF U6057Electricity Markets3
INAF U6061Global Energy Policy3
INAF U6065The Economics Of Energy3
INAF U6066Energy and Power Financing Markets3
INAF U6068Economic Analysis of Environmental Policies3
INAF U6071Environmental Fundamentals3
INAF U6072Energy Systems Fundamentals3
INAF U6073Introduction to Energy and Human Development3
INAF U6076Energy Management for Public and Private Sector3
INAF U6079Clean Energy Financial Innovation1.5
INAF U6116Infrastructure Cost Benefit Analysis3
INAF U6135Renewable Energy Markets and Policy3
INAF U6236History of American Ecology Environmentalism3
INAF U6238Environmental Finance: Scaling Up Clean Energy1.5
INAF U6242Energy Policy3
INAF U6243International Environmental Policy3
INAF U6259Adaptation to Climate Change3
INAF U6261Making Climate Policy in the US 1.5
INAF U6325Energy Modeling3
INAF U6326Renewable Energy Project Finance Modeling1.5
INAF U6429Energy Industry in the BRICS3
INAF U8537Climate Change Policy3
INAF U8778Distributed Energy Economics, Technology, and Policy3
INAF U8909Environment, Conflict Resolution Strategies3
INAF U8910Food, Farming Famine: Struggles for Sustainability3
INAF U8912Technology, Innovation and Sustainable Goals1.5
LAW L6038Climate Change Law3
LAW L6040International Environmental Law2
LAW L6242Environmental Law3
LAW L8036Natural Resources Law2
LAW L8452Seminar: Energy Law2
PLAN A4579Introduction to Environmental Planning3
PLAN W4404Urban Transportation Planning3
PUAF U6190Extractive Industries and Sustainable Development3
REGN U6149Energy, Corporate Responsibility Human Rights3
REGN U6538Russia's Energy between West, East, and South3
SDEV U6240Environmental Science for Sustainable Development3
SDEV U6260Disasters and Development3
SUMA K4025Sustainability Communications Strategy and Reporting3
SUMA K4035Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions: Measuring and Minimizing the Carbon Footprint3
SUMA PS4100Sustainability Management3
SUMA K41303
SUMA K4135Energy Analysis for Energy Efficiency3
SUMA K4140Sustainability Science3
SUMA K4142Sustainable Finance3
SUMA PS4145Science of Sustainable Water3
SUMA K4169Sustainability Metrics3
SUMA K4170Sustainable Operations3
SUMA K4175Global Environmental Markets3
SUMA PS4190Economics of Sustainability Management3
SUMA K4195Green Accounting3
SUMA K4197Financing the Green Economy: Markets, Business, and Politics3
SUMA K4230The Earth's Climate Systems3
SUMA PS4235The Science of Urban Ecology3
SUMA K4270Policy and Legal Context of Sustainability Management3
SUMA K4301International Environmental Law3
SUMA K4380Financing Natural Infrastructure3
OtherAs Approved3
Year 1
Core: Conceptual Foundations (MIA), Politics of Policy Making (MPA)14SIPA U4201 or U640113
SIPA U4200 or U640013SIPA U65003
INAF U60723Specialization: Course 13
INAF U60713Core: Management or Financial Management3
SIPA U40400.5Elective3
 13.5 15
Year 2
Energy and Environment Policy Elective3Core:Capstone Workshop3
Core:Management or Financial Management3Elective3
Elective3Specialization Course 33
Specialization Course 23Internship Registration (optional)1.5-3
 15 13.5-15
Total Points: 57-58.5

  Course must be taken in the semester listed.

Year 1

Foreign Language - For MIA students and EPD concentrators who need to take language courses to fulfill the degree/concentration requirement, your schedule may need to be adjusted accordingly.

Year 2

Core- MIA students are required to take one Interstate Relations course.

ENVP U6228 Corporate Sustainability and the Role of Government in Advancing Environmental & Social Performance. 3 Points.

Category: MPA-ESP, EPD, EPD:Economic, EPD:Sustainable, EE, EE: ERM

Corporations embrace sustainable development to optimize environmental and social performance and corporate governance, improving competitive advantage and asset value while contributing to human wellbeing and environmental integrity. Brand value, product differentiation, cost and risk reduction and the enhancement of environmental and social conditions through a company's value chain, operations and the goods and services it sells are all hallmarks of corporate sustainability. This course profiles the history, underpinnings and elements of this rapidly evolving field, with a focus on environmental management. We take a systems approach, exploring how corporate strategy is becoming evermore grounded in an understanding of a corporation's interdependencies with the natural world and the broad array of its internal and external stakeholders. Sustainability is explored from the perspectives of multinational corporations, midsize firms and small businesses contributing to sustainable local economies. We address the role of government in forwarding this agenda, including: incentives and technical assistance to advance best practice and product development; public/private partnerships for research and demonstration; facilitating environmental markets; and green procurement. We will also address the challenges faced by governments to this end, including political opposition, potential rollback of mandates and funding for environmental and social action, and ongoing resource constraints.

EHSC P8304 Public Health Impacts of Climate Change. 3 points.

SIPA: E&E- Environment Policy, SIPA: USP- Social Policy Track, SIPA: Electives

This is a Public Health Course.  Public Health classes are offered on the Health Services Campus at 168th Street.

For more detailed course information, please go to Mailman School of Public Health Courses website at http://www.mailman.hs.columbia.edu/academics/courses

Spring 2017: EHSC P8304
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
EHSC 8304 001/82534 M W 10:00am - 11:20am
Room TBA
Jeffrey Shaman 3 19/30

ENVP U6224 Environmental Data Analysis. 3 Points.

Category: MPA-ESP, Management, EPD, EPD:Sustainable

This course introduces students to statistical data analysis in the context of environmental issues. The is taught through a combination of lectures and laboratory exercises. The course encourages a rigorous examination of the many applications of statistical analysis in climate change assessment, environmental justice, land use, land cover change and measuring the impacts of natural hazards on populations.

ENVP U6230 Economics of Sustainable Development. 3 Points.

Category: MPA-ESP, EPD, EPD:Sustainable, EE: EPM, EE

The objective of this course is to equip students with the skills necessary to critically analyze policy alternatives which further Sustainable Development. Throughout the course, students will compare competing objectives and policies through the prism of economic reasoning. Although some mathematical economic models will be discussed, the emphasis of the course will be on using economic intuition rather than mathematics. By the end of the course, students should have a firm understanding of competing views regarding what constitutes sustainability and development, and appropriate policies to get us there. In addition, they should be able to express their own views in a manner that demonstrates an understanding of general economic theory.

ENVP U6233 Environmental Finance Prep. 0 Points.

Category: MPA-ESP, EE, EE: EPM
Fall 2017 Course Dates: Nov. 1, 8 & 15

The course material provides a familiarity with some basic concepts in Finance, especially for students planning to take the Environmental Finance Course in the spring who do not have any background in Finance. The topics covered include: Time Value of Money and Valuation, Cost of Capital and Capital Markets, Capital Markets, Commodity Markets, Futures and Options. This course is required for students who do not have a background in Finance and plan to take the Environmental Finance Class in during the Spring semester.

Term Section Call Number Instructor Times/Location
Fall 2017 001 25519 Urvashi Kaul W 6:10pm - 8:00pm
402b International Affairs Bldg

ENVP U6235 Environmental Finance. 3 Points.

Category: MPA-ESP, EE, EE: ERM, EE: EPM, EPD, EPD:Economic, EPD:Sustainable

Prerequisites: ENVP U6233. Some background in microeconomics is highly recommended.

This course covers the theory and practice of Environmental Finance. The course assumes that students have an understanding of financial; and economic concepts, especially Commodity Markets, Project Finance and Investing. The course is divided into three segments; first will cover how environmental commodity markets work and how markets can be used to regulate polluting industries. The second segment covers the financing of environmental projects. The last segment will cover investing in environmental markets, and socially responsible investing.

ENVP U6239 The Politics and Policy of Urban Sustainability. 3 Points.

Category: MPA-ESP, USP, USP:Urban, EE, EE: EPM

Cities are increasingly recognized as a key level of government for environmental and sustainability policy. As at all levels, politics and policy are intensely intertwined, and perhaps moreso at the local level because the decisions involved often affect constituents directly and intimately -- in their neighborhoods, in their homes, in their commutes. This colloquium explores both the politics and the policy of sustainability in the municipal context. Covering a range of sustainability issues -- such as air quality, public health, and transportation -- it looks at the dynamics of making change happen at the local level, including variations in power among municipal governments; how issues get defined and allocated; how stakeholder management takes place (or doesn't); how agencies and levels of government interfere with each other; and how best practices can (and cannot) be transferred internationally. The course is reading-intense and includes case studies by historians rather than political scientists. The focus of most readings is on the United States, but students' research projects will require looking beyond the US and transferring practices to a US city.

ENVP U6241 Earth Systems and Environmental Politics, Policy, and Management. 3 Points.

Category: MPA-ESP
Summer 2017 Course Dates: May 31 - Aug. 16

This is the first social science course in the earth systems concentration. Its goal is to take a system-level approach to environmental policy problems. Issues presented include defining the environmental problem; the politics of the environment; environmental agenda setting; pollution prevention; U.S. pollution control through regulation, public works, and market incentives; cross-media and cross national environmental problems; and the response of societies, economies, and political systems to environmental issues. The course also discusses international environmental regime development, conflict resolution, and citizen participation in environmental decision-making.

Term Section Call Number Instructor Times/Location
Summer 2017 001 64530 Sara Tjossem W 1:00pm - 3:00pm
403 International Affairs Bldg

ENVP U6250 Poverty, Inequality, and the Environment. 3 Points.

Category: MPA-ESP, EE, EE: EPM, USP, USP:Social, EPD, EPD:Sustinable

Progress and Poverty (1879), by the American economist and philosopher Henry George, was a worldwide bestseller and major impetus to reform movements in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. George argued that owners of land and other natural resources--a small fraction of the population--gain most of the benefits of economic growth. They also withhold high quality resources from use, driving down wages and forcing economic activity to sprawl out onto marginal land. His remedy: "We must make land common property," not by nationalizing it, but by collecting the surplus (economic rent) by taxation, using the revenue for public benefit. See (www.schalkenbach.org/100-years-later.html.) Today, George's ideas powerfully influence both the field of ecological economics and the commons movement. (See www.onthecommons.org.) In this course we will read Progress and Poverty, examining how well George's ideas have stood the test of time. We will read excerpts from predecessors and contemporaries of George, including Adam Smith, David Ricardo, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx and Thorstein Veblen. We will also read modern authors, including economist Mason Gaffney and commons movement founder Peter Barnes. Topics we will cover include: Poverty, its definition and measurement. Inequality of wealth and income, and the relationship of inequality to poverty, wage levels, health, environmental destruction and "sustainability". Population size, age structure and geographic distribution. Economics of common resources. Economic rent and property rights. Economics of cooperation and competition. Inequality, trade and global sprawl. Growth and the boom and bust cycle. Economics of time--how do and should we make decisions about the future? Tax and other policy options.

ENVP U6275 GIS for International Studies. 3 Points.

Category: MPA-ESP, EE, EE: EPM, USP, USP:Urban, USP:Social

This course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive overview of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and remote sensing technologies as they are used in a variety of social and environmental science applications. Through a mixture of lectures, readings, focused discussions, and hands-on exercises, students will acquire an understanding of the variety and structure of spatial data and databases, gain a knowledge of the principles behind raster and vector based spatial analysis, learn basic cartographic principles for producing maps that effectively communicate a message, and develop sound practices for GIS project design and management. The class will focus on the application of GIS to assist in the development, implementation and analysis of environmental and social policy and practices at the global and regional scale.

Term Section Call Number Instructor Times/Location
Fall 2017 001 91796 Malanding Jaiteh Th 11:00am - 12:50pm
510a International Affairs Bldg

ENVP U6320 Political Context of Public/Private Environmental Management. 3 Points.

Category: MPA-ESP, EE, EE: EPM, EE: ERM

This class explores how the political system identifies public issues as problems requiring public action, and creates and implements policy solutions. It assesses what conditions foster change by anticipating likely outcomes and effective points of intervention to achieve policy goals. The course emphasizes the politics of environmental policymaking, using agriculture as a case study because it is a global enterprise with local to global scales of inquiry. We will explore the tension between the market and economic models and politics and political models of policymaking; interests and interest-group politics; the connections among expertise, knowledge, and policymaking; and the particular politics of policy issues that cross jurisdictional boundaries, including federalism and globalization.

Term Section Call Number Instructor Times/Location
Fall 2017 001 13443 Sara Tjossem T 11:00am - 12:50pm
402 International Affairs Bldg

ENVP U6400 Financing the Green Economy: Markets, Business, & Politics. 3 Points.

Category: MPA-ESP, EPD, EPD:Economic, EPD:Sustainable

"Financing the Green Economy" will focus on the challenges of developing and financing clean energy technologies from an individual firm level so that students - whether as citizens or in their careers - can help overcome them. The course will emphasize the financial aspects of green energy, but in doing so, will bring together many of the other factors that affect whether and how much the green economy takes hold.

INAF U4420 Oil, Rights and Development. 1 Point.

Category: MIA/MPA: Short Course, EE, EE: GEMP, HRHP
Spring 2017 Course Dates: April 7 & 8; IMPORTANT: The final day to drop this course, without receiving a failing grade, is March 31. Students who have a legitimate and unforeseen emergency after the final drop date, must get written permission from Professor Jenik Radon (jr2218@columbia.edu).

This multi-layered role-playing simulation, based on a fictitious country, allows exploration of the challenges associated with initiation of a major industrial venture in a developing country as regards any or all of the following: macro-economic and political factors; identification of priorities; environmental management; complications arising from ethnic and religious conflicts; health management (including HIV/AIDS); community development aspects; reconciliation of the interests of a wide variety of stakeholders; media management; achievement of the largest possible Circle of Consensus. The simulation is conducted over two consecutive days and some 50 to 80 participants role-play up to twenty separate entities, including an international industrial company and its competitor, government factions, opposition groups, a local community and wide varieties of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and of media. As in real life, some more general knowledge of the situation is available to all entities, but each one has sole access to information (which may overlap with that of others) which is unique to its own perspective. The emphasis is therefore on sharing and on cooperation to make progress against tight deadlines, on managing information of various degrees of reliability and of balancing conflicting demands. There is no "single right answer" but through the process participants have an opportunity to explore the interplay of a very wide range of factors and develop strategies which are based on a holistic appreciation of the problems involved and on creation of alliances which are by no means obvious at the beginning of the simulation. 

INAF U6040 International Energy Project Finance. 3 Points.

Category: MPA-DP, EPD, EPD:Sustainable, EE, EE: GEMP, EE: ERM, Management

Prerequisites: INAF U6072 or SUMA K4155

Project finance is frequently employed in energy investment to allocate risk between major energy companies, entrepreneurs, equity and debt providers, government agencies, and other industry participants. The course will explain how this risk allocation is accomplished through a survey of projects in the various energy sectors: international oil & gas production, LNG export, electric generation both fossil-fueled and renewables, price-hedged and merchant. The objective of the course is to provide participants with a practical grasp of which types of energy projects are suitable for project finance. The following areas will be addressed: business risk analysis, cashflow analysis, and sources of equity and debt capital.

INAF U6042 Energy Business & Economic Development. 3 Points.

Category: EE, EE: GEMP, EE: ERM, Management, EPD, EPD:Economic, EPD:Sustainable

Energy is a key input and a key business in economic development. The course first develops the current understanding of the economic development process, with a focus on the role of energy, and energy businesses and markets. Then we examine development problems and policies in resource dependent economies, middle income reforming economies, low income economies and conclude with a look at the interface between economic development and environmental protection. 

Term Section Call Number Instructor Times/Location
Fall 2017 001 20797 Ellen Morris, Philip LaRocco W 2:10pm - 4:00pm
402b International Affairs Bldg

INAF U6048 Oil and Gas Scenarios and Risk Analysis. 3 Points.

Category: EE, EE: GEMP, EE: ERM
Not offered during 2017-18 academic year.

Prerequisites: INAF U6072 or INAF U6680 or SUMA K4155

This course provides an interdisciplinary perspective on global oil and gas activity by examining how international oil companies assess and manage risk, and how they deal with an uncertain (i.e., unpredictable) future. An innovative approach to dealing with uncertainty, the scenario methodology, is used to construct a range of plausible future outcomes resulting from the interaction of market, sovereign, and other variables. The first section of the course covers the theoretical aspects of corporate organization, risk, uncertainty, and geopolitical analysis. The second section covers the governmental aspects of oil and gas activity and how operating "regimes" are developed and maintained. The final section looks at several specific investment projects.

INAF U6051 Infrastructure Investment and Development. 1.5 Point.

Category: MIA/MPA: Short Course, MPA-DP, EPD, EPD:Economic, USP, USP:Urban
Spring 2017 Course Dates: Jan. 23 - Mar. 6

Key question: How to harmonize the diverse objectives of private investors, public sector officials, multilateral institutions and other key actors in the development of international infrastructure projects. This course will examine the principles underlying global infrastructure investment and explore effective strategies to encourage development of facilities for transportation, water, energy, healthcare and education. The classes will focus primarily upon three or more specific case studies of recent projects. Subjects of examination will include Linha Quatro of the Metrô de São Paulo, the Kenya-Uganda Rift Valley Railway and the Guangdong Province water system. The projects will be examined from the perspectives of financial investors, industrial operators, creditors, including commercial banks and multilateral institutions, government policymakers and the public. Issues discussed will include risk allocation, delivery methods and the evolving cast of global investors. 

INAF U6054 Petroleum Markets & Trading. 3 Points.

Category: EE, EE: GEMP, EE: ERM

This course surveys the physical and paper components of the global oil market. It focuses on the geological, economic, financial, institutional, and political factors and processes through which global oil prices are determined. · The course is only about oil - not about other energy or other commodities, though they may be discussed · The course is MARKET-focused. It does not deal with country development/planning, though it may be discussed in passing; nor does it deal with oil companies' financial statements and equity valuations.

Term Section Call Number Instructor Times/Location
Fall 2017 001 73251 Louise Burke, Mark Schwartz T 4:10pm - 6:00pm
801 International Affairs Bldg

INAF U6057 Electricity Markets. 3 Points.

Category: EE, EE: GEMP

The electricity sector worldwide is changing more rapidly today than at any period since the inception of the industry. Billions of dollars of new investment will be required over the next decade to maintain and improve electricity service, particularly in emerging economies. Models of service delivery are changing, and the role of the traditional regulated utility continues to evolve. This class is designed to provide a full exposure to current issues across the electricity value chain, including both regulated and competitive sectors. In addition, it is intended to provide insights that are applicable to other industries, including infrastructure financing, maintaining competition in markets, structuring good governance arrangements, and promoting economic efficiency.

INAF U6061 Global Energy Policy. 3 Points.

Category: MIA Core: Interstate Relations, MPA-DP, EE, EE: GEMP, EE: ERM, EPD, EPD:Economic, EPD:Sustainable

Brief review of energy balance fundamentals. World energy outlook. Key uncertainties. Resource revolution. Energy efficiency, the hidden fuel. Electricity systems. Architecture of electricity markets. Thermal generation. Renewable energies. Learning curves. LCOE´s. Oil market: demand and supply, reserves, conventional and unconventional oil, energy from America, prices. Natural gas market: demand and supply, reserves, differences relative to oil markets. Resources to reserves: oil and natural gas. The renewable energies opportunity. Earth energy balance. Economics of climate change. Emissions scenarios. International climate negotiations. China´s energy challenge.

Term Section Call Number Instructor Times/Location
Fall 2017 001 81099 Manuel Pinho Th 9:00am - 10:50am
801 International Affairs Bldg
Fall 2017 002 85897 Manuel Pinho Th 11:00am - 12:50pm
801 International Affairs Bldg

INAF U6062 Advanced Energy Markets and Innovation. 3 Points.

Category: EE, EE: GEMP, EE: ERM
Not offered during 2017-18 academic year.

The purpose of this course is to orient students to the dynamic opportunities that exist in the ongoing transformation of the global energy industry.  Existing energy sources and the infrastructures that deliver them to users around the world are undergoing a period of rapid change.  Limits to growth, rapidly fluctuating raw material prices, and the emergence of new technology options all contribute to heightened risk and opportunity in the energy sector. Using theoretical and practical understanding of the process by which energy technologies are developed, financed, and deployed, this course seeks to highlight the root drivers for change in the energy industry, the technologies that are emerging, and the factors that will determine success in their commercialization.

INAF U6065 The Economics Of Energy. 3 Points.

Category: EE, EE: GEMP
Not offered during 2017-18 academic year.

Will we run out of oil? What determines the cost of a ton of coal? Should we subsidize low-carbon or tax fossil energy? Are renewables worth the price tag? This course addresses some of the fundamental questions in energy economics. It covers markets for coal, oil, natural gas and renewables. We will gain an understanding of how the various markets work, how they do not, and what the appropriate regulatory responses are.

INAF U6066 Energy and Power Financing Markets. 3 Points.

Category: MPA-DP, EE, EE: GEMP, EE: ERM

Prerequisites: Familiarity with Corporate Finance

The global energy industry is comprised of the largest and most interrelated set of businesses in the world. From its inception, the industry has grown dramatically to provide ever increasing amounts of energy and power to commercial, industrial and retail consumers around the world. Given its unique industry structure, specialized financing techniques have been developed to expand and/or complement conventional public and private financing alternatives. These specialized financing approaches have, in turn, allowed the energy industry to access an unprecedented range of capital sources to finance its increasingly complex and challenging business model.

INAF U6068 Economic Analysis of Environmental Policies. 3 Points.

Category: EE, EE: EPM, EPD, EPD:Social
Not offered during 2017-18 academic year.

This is a semester-long introductory course in environmental economics. It is designed to introduce students to economic approaches to understanding and managing pollution and natural resources. There is a wide conception that the environmental and economic systems are fundamentally at odds, but hopefully, by the end of this class, you will have a more refined view. We will start the class by a quick review of the fundamental welfare theorem of economics, which states that under certain conditions, markets outcomes are efficient. This forms the basis for why economists so strongly believe in markets. We will then examine why some of those "certain conditions" might not be met for environmental problems, and whether hence government intervention is warranted or whether the market can self-regulate these problems. This forms the basis for the rest of the class where we look in more detail at cases where the government has regulated certain economic activity / pollution and whether it has done so in an efficient way. We will discuss four approaches how the government can intervene and regulate. In the last part we look at ways how the government should choose the optimal level of regulation. Finally, time permitting, we will look at several specific environmental problems in more detail, e.g., water, air, and climate change.

INAF U6071 Environmental Fundamentals. 3 Points.

Category: EE, EE: EPM, EE: ERM

This course will explore economic and political models of policymaking; interest-group politics; the connections among expertise, knowledge, and policymaking; and the particular politics of policy issues that cross jurisdictions such as federalism and globalization.  Many of the decisions we make and actions we take have profound environmental effects, yet we often fail to assess the systems of values underlying such actions. The class will introduce these issues in weekly case studies, where the economic and political concept will be highlighted for the case of a particular medium: fishery, forests, oil, water, etc) and also explore the limitations to such organizing principles.

Term Section Call Number Instructor Times/Location
Fall 2017 001 87997 Scott Barrett T 2:10pm - 4:00pm
324 International Affairs Bldg
Fall 2017 R01 91896 W 6:10pm - 8:00pm
501 International Affairs Bldg

INAF U6072 Energy Systems Fundamentals. 3 Points.

Category: EE, EE: GEMP, EE: ERM, EPD, EPD:Sustainable
Restricted to E&E students

The purpose of this course is to establish a core energy skill set for SIPA students and prepare them for more advanced energy courses by providing a basic language and toolset for understanding energy issues. Existing energy sources and the infrastructures that deliver them to users around the world are undergoing a period of rapid change. Limits to growth, rapidly fluctuating raw material prices, and the emergence of new technology options all contribute to heightened risk and opportunity in the energy sector.

Term Section Call Number Instructor Times/Location
Fall 2017 001 93147 Travis Bradford W 9:00am - 10:50am
403 International Affairs Bldg

INAF U6073 Introduction to Energy and Human Development. 3 Points.

Category: EE, EE: ERM

This course introduces the facts and issues, institutional and country settings, and technologies and implementation models that characterize energy and human development in the world’s poorest countries. In this introductory course we explore: Tensions and ambiguities that characterize energy and development issues in the world's most marginal markets; Inadequacies of "business-as-usual" energy planning and implementation in these markets; and, potential of non-traditional energy businesses, projects and programs as well as mainstream institutions to reach 400 million to 500 million un-served and under-served households, communities and small businesses.

INAF U6074 Current Issues in Energy Policy. 1.5 Point.

Category: MIA/MPA: Short Course, EE, EE: GEMP, EE: ERM
Spring 2017 Course Dates: Jan. 26 - Mar. 23

Prerequisites: INAF U6072

The purpose of this course is: (1) to familiarize participants with six current issues in energy policy, (2) to better understand the interplay of policy and political factors that guide public sector decision-making, and (3) to improve skills for drafting memoranda to senior policymakers.  The class will focus on U.S. energy policy, but explore policies in other countries as well.  Sub-national, national and international issues will be examined.  The five issues studied will be: Carbon tariffs; Solar net metering; Cyber attacks on the electric grid; Global energy governance; Energy jobs.

INAF U6076 Energy Management for Public and Private Sector. 3 Points.

Category: EE, EE: GEMP, EE: ERM

Prerequisites: INAF U6072 or SUMA K4155

This course delivers students a practical view and associated tools for management of energy in individual facilities as well as throughout larger portfolios of facilities or assets. Students will review aspects of the operations involved in the Energy Manger's role including how energy markets and policies intersect with the facility and portfolio investment and management. Through class lectures, industry articles, site visits, assigned readings, and expert speakers, the course will provide students with the ability to understand how energy policy, markets, and regulation intersect with operational personnel, equipment, budgets, and contracts. Case studies where students assess the success of various theoretical concepts and applications are included.

INAF U6077 Energy and Foreign Policy: Global Geopolitical Imperatives. 1 Point.

Category: MIA/MPA: Short Course, EE, EE: GEMP, EE: ERM
Not offered during 2017-18 academic year.

The purpose of this course is to understand how changes in global energy supply and demand – and the environmental impacts of how we produce and use energy – affect the foreign policy and national security interests of key energy consumers and producers.  Students will assess seven topics during the course, debate whether and why these topics are relevant to foreign policy and national security interests, and propose foreign policy options that would advance the interests of a country or countries that each student will select.  Topics for the course are: Shifts in energy demand and investment and from OECD to non-OECD countries; North America's energy revolution - what it does and does not mean for U.S. energy security and wider global interests; Europe, Ukraine and Russia - diversification of energy supplies, and implications for geopolitical influence; Iraq - the potential for energy as a source of unity and regional stability, or further conflict; Energy investment trends and incentives in Asia and the implications for climate change; Geopolitics of energy poverty in Africa and India, and implications for growth and stability; Challenges in global energy governance and implications for U.S. foreign policy.  

INAF U6078 Public Sector Energy Innovation - Reducing the Demand for Foreign Oil and Growing Renewable Power. 1.5 Point.

Category: MIA/MPA: Short Course
Not offered during 2017-18 academic year.

The Federal government, along with many states, has tried over the past few decades to achieve two important policy outcomes; 1) reduce the amount of foreign oil that is imported into the United States and 2) increase the amount and percentage of renewable energy (wind, solar, biomass, hydro) in the generation of electricity. This class will study and discuss which policies have been enacted and how effective they have been. We will look at the governmental bodies that have a "stake" in these policies and how rules, laws, and mandates are formally made. In addition, we will examine other factors that directly impact the way policy is actually made in the United States, including the influence of media coverage and the ever-changing political climate. In examining these issues, real world issues will be used and current events will be discussed each week. Select industry participants will appear as guest speakers.

INAF U6079 Clean Energy Financial Innovation. 1.5 Point.

Category: EE, EE: ERM, EE: GEMP, MIA/MPA: Short Course
Spring 2017 Course Dates: Mar. 20 - May 1

Prerequisites: INAF U6072 or SUMA K4155

Clean Energy Financial Innovation will focus on the financing of clean energy generation, energy efficiency and energy storage. The course is complimentary to International Energy Project Finance (INAF U6040) and not intended to have substantial overlap. Instead, Clean Energy Financial Innovation will cover those transaction and financing structures outside traditional utility scale project finance. Clean Energy Finance will focus upon the fragmented distributed generation and energy efficiency sectors where portfolio approaches and other innovative techniques are required. Such financing structures often require a combination of project finance techniques, securitization and other structured finance skill sets. The objective of Clean Energy Finance is to introduce students to asset deployment market participants and business models, key contractual arrangements, capital structuring techniques, private market precedents and criteria, public market precedents and criteria, and the at financing frontier transaction types that have yet to be financed but that offer tremendous potential. Students completing the course should have a broad understanding of clean energy deployment transaction types, example participants, precedent transactions, methodologies for considering the viability of transaction types and financing structures, and investor requirements.

INAF U6116 Infrastructure Cost Benefit Analysis. 3 Points.

Category: EPD, Management
Pre-reqs: SIPA U4200 or SIPA U6400

This course aims to provide students with the analytical tools to assess and evaluate infrastructure projects in the United States and worldwide. In particular, students will explore the methodologies and techniques as they relate to cost-benefit analysis with a special focus on hands-on problems and experiences.  Each lecture is structured in two parts: theory/methodology in the first half of each class and application of the learned concepts through an analysis of case studies in the second half. Case studies will cover various applications of CBA as it relates to infrastructure (not general public policy issues as those are addressed in other courses).  Examples of such case studies are transit investments in the US, water and wastewater infrastructure improvements, electricity grid upgrades or airport expansions. Case studies will cover both the US and developing country contexts.

Throughout the semester students will be expected to complete a cost-benefit analysis in the form of a group project.  The project will consist of all important components of such an analysis such as a literature review, methodology section, description of project scenarios to be evaluated, compilation and monetization of the main costs and benefits, development of an Excel model including discounting and sensitivity analyses.  The quantitative analysis and estimation of benefits and costs will be critical and require students to be familiar with spreadsheet applications and formulas in Microsoft Excel.  Working with actual project and performance data will be required as much as is feasible in each case.

Term Section Call Number Instructor Times/Location
Fall 2017 001 89531 Alexander Heil T 6:10pm - 8:00pm
404 International Affairs Bldg
Fall 2017 R01 13013 W 2:10pm - 4:00pm
405 International Affairs Bldg

INAF U6135 Renewable Energy Markets and Policy. 3 Points.

Category: MPA-DP, EE, EE: ERM, EE: GEMP, Management

Prerequisites: INAF U6072 or SUMA K4155

Renewable energy is the fastest growing segment of the energy sector. While wildly popular in polling across the political spectrum, it is increasingly a point of political partisan divide among elected leaders. To combat global warming, many argue that renewables will need to provide most if not all of our energy, but getting there requires overcoming many technical, economic, and political challenges. This course explores not only what renewable energy is, but also what tools are available to expand access to it in the years to come. This course will introduce students to the full range of renewable energy technologies and the fault lines that make some technologies "real" renewables and others not. We will cover the status of each major family of renewable energy technology including the strengths and limitations, costs and forecasts for long-term deployment. We will focus on renewables in the context of the two largest markets - electricity generation and transportation energy. The course will rely heavily on the examples from the US experience, but will compare and contrast lessons from international and developing markets as well. Our goal will be to understand the full range of policy tools currently in use and under debate. In particular we will look at tax credit policy, mandates, utility regulatory policies and EPA's proposed carbon regulations.

INAF U6236 History of American Ecology & Environmentalism. 3 Points.

Category: EE, EE: EPM, Regional

We will explore various conceptions of nature and ecology in changing ideas of conservation, preservation, the Dust Bowl, the atomic age, growing environmentalism, and the current focus on biodiversity as one route to a sustainable society. We will look at how scientific information has been constructed and used in environmental debates over pollution and overpopulation and will question the utility of distinguishing between "first nature" (untouched by humans) and "second nature" (nature modified by humans). Along the way, we will address connections between environmentalism and nationalism, the relationship between environmental change and social inequality, the rise of modern environmental politics, and different visions for the future of nature.

Term Section Call Number Instructor Times/Location
Fall 2017 001 87030 Sara Tjossem T 9:00am - 10:50am
801 International Affairs Bldg

INAF U6238 Environmental Finance: Scaling Up Clean Energy. 1.5 Point.

Category: EE
Fall 2017 Course Dates: Sept. 7 - Oct. 19

This class will address Environmental and climate challenges, the role of public sector funding and financing, and the need and potential for private sector investment and financing; The current state of clean energy deployment around the world: wind, solar, hydro, geothermal, ocean, and biomass, plus nuclear and cleaner fossil fuel options, and advanced transportation and vehicles, and energy efficiency, with attention to the financial characteristics of each; Methods and practices for clean energy investment and financing including government funding and incentives, corporate financing and project financing; Who the players are, and their respective activities and roles including government and corporate sponsors, multilateral development banks, commercial banks, equity investors, capital market equity and debt investors, and others. Students should leave the course with a better understanding of how the world is responding to the challenge of clean energy financing and a sense of where and how they might forge a career.

Term Section Call Number Instructor Times/Location
Fall 2017 001 90944 Michael Eckhart Th 6:10pm - 8:00pm
801 International Affairs Bldg

INAF U6242 Energy Policy. 3 Points.

Category: MPA-DP, EE, EE: GEMP, EE: ERM, EE: EPM, EPD, EPD:Economic, EPD:Sustainable

The course provides a survey and analysis of the various dimensions, domestic and international, of policy formulation that, taken together, constitute energy policy. These dimensions include contributing to access to and production of natural energy resources; insuring the security and reliability of energy sources; promoting the diversity of fuels and development of new  technologies in light of energy security and climate change mitigation objectives; promoting energy conservation and energy efficiency; environmental regulation at the domestic (air and water quality) and global (climate) levels. The objectives inspiring these policies are pursued through a combination of reliance on energy markets; subsidies and tax policy; development of energy infrastructure and a broad array of international policies influencing relations among and between net exporting and net importing countries. The origin of each policy issue, and lessons from significant "market failures," are examined and the consequences of policy alternatives are evaluated.  The major legal and regulatory themes of U.S. energy policy are examined (Part 1) and so are the essential dimensions of international policies affecting the international energy scene. 

INAF U6243 International Environmental Policy. 3 Points.

Category: MIA Core: Interstate Relations, EPD, EPD:Sustainable, EE, EE: EPM, EE: GEMP, EE: ERM

This course examines issues central to the theory and practice of international environmental politics. It provides a foundation of conceptual frameworks and factual knowledge for individuals planning work in this or related fields. Readings, lectures and discussion address many issues but we focus on factors that contribute to or impede the creation and implementation of effective international environmental policy. The course consists of three interrelated sections: (1) The Process and Difficulty of Creating and Implementing Effective International Environmental Policy; (2) The Setting for International Environmental Politics: Actors, Issues, Trends, and Law; and (3) Causal Factors in Creating Effective International Environmental Policy and Regimes.

INAF U6259 Adaptation to Climate Change. 3 Points.

Category: EE, EE: EPM, IO, EPD, EPD:Sustainable

Climate change policy in recent decades has centered on two core concepts, mitigation (reducing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere) and adaptation (coping with the impacts that these gasses have and will produce). This course concentrates on the latter. It familiarizes students with current approaches to projects and programs that promote adaptation, showing both the utility of the approaches and some of their limits. The concepts of vulnerability, resilience and adaptive capacity are studied in detail; students learn to engage critically with these concepts.

INAF U6261 Making Climate Policy in the US . 1.5 Point.

Category: EE
Fall 2016 Course Dates: Sept. 8 - Oct. 20

On-going battles over climate policy will be used to illuminate the dynamics of US policy-making—the pathways through which citizens, political factions and interest groupsinfluence policy-makers and the policy mechanisms by which government influences behavior of citizens and markets. The primary focus will be on US federal and state-level policies to cut energy sector GHG emissions; but the class will also give attention to land-use emissions and adaptation issues as well as the global context.

INAF U6325 Energy Modeling. 3 Points.

Not offered during 2017-18 academic year.

The course is intended to sharpen student skills in methods that can be applied to quantitative analysis and interpretation of project economics. The course will provide students with an introduction to quantitative models that can aid in the decision making process. The course utilizes the Excel spreadsheet with Precision Tree add-in for decision tree analysis plus @RISK and RiskOptimizer simulation software add-ins for evaluating risk. These software add-ins address the challenge posed by key decision making variables not being discrete or known with precision. Most business decisions are stochastic in nature where future values for key variables are not known with precision, but can be estimated with a probability distribution.

INAF U6326 Renewable Energy Project Finance Modeling. 1.5 Point.

Category: MIA/MPA: Short Course
Fall 2016 Course Dates: Oct. 24 - Dec. 12

Prerequisites: INAF U6072 or SUMA K4155

The course is intended to be a practicum, exposing students to real-word tools of the trade as well as the theory underlying them. In place of a text book, students will be provided with approximately 500 pages of actual project documents used for a U.S. wind energy project constructed relatively recently. While some confidential information has been redacted, the document set is largely intact and akin to what one would encounter if working for a utility, project developer, project finance lender or infrastructure equity investment firm.

INAF U6429 Energy Industry in the BRICS. 3 Points.

Category: MIA Core: Interstate Relations, MPA-DP, EPD, EPD:Economic, EPD:Sustainable, EE, EE: GEMP, EE: ERM

This course will examine the energy industry in the BRICS from a comparative perspective, emphasizing both similarities (notably the role of state-owned companies and the challenges of fast domestic growth) and differences. Special attention will be devoted to the strategic-level management issues facing decision-makers in the government and private sectors as they address the formulation of policies, strategies, alliances and investment plans. The first part of the course will consider the general nature of international business as it applies to the energy industry in the BRICS, and the remainder of the course will consider the specific situation in the individual member countries and their impact on global energy markets.

INAF U8537 Climate Change Policy. 3 Points.

Category: MIA Core: Interstate Relations, EE, EE: ERM, EE: EPM, EPD, EPD:Sustainable, IO

Climate change is the most challenging international policy problem that exists today. The course will primarily focus on two questions. First, what should be done about climate change? Second, what can be done about it? The first question requires an understanding of the science, impacts, technological options, economics, and ethics of climate change policy. The second question requires an understanding of the politics, international law, and international relations aspects of climate change policy. The course will not provide firm answers to these questions. It aims instead to provide a framework and the knowledge required for students to come to their own conclusions. Indeed, every student taking this course is required to answer these questions, and to defend their conclusions rigorously.

INAF U8778 Distributed Energy Economics, Technology, and Policy. 3 Points.

Category: MPA-DP, EE, EE: GEMP, EE: ERM, EE: EPM, USP, USP:Urban
Not offered during 2017-18 academic year.

This course examines the growing role of distributed energy resources in the global energy mix, with a focus on economic and technology fundamentals of key technologies, the changing business model of regulated electric and gas utilities, and new and emerging approaches to enabling innovation at the "Grid Edge." The course will also focus on changing relationship between distributed technology providers, consumers, and the grid, and the role of platform networks and new approaches to market design and resource valuation, and specifically how they relate to policy goals such as lower customer bills, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, or reliability/resilience. Finally, the course will review and develop business cases for products or concepts in "real world" policy landscapes, including urban energy environments.

INAF U8909 Environment, Conflict & Resolution Strategies. 3 Points.

Category: EPD, EPD:Sustainable, EE, EE: EPM, ISP, ICR

Environmental conflict resolution has emerged with an integrated role of research and practice within the growing field of conflict analysis and resolution. As the world faces increasing environmental problems and conflicts with growing environmental dimensions, there has also been an increasing creativity of response through different channels. The implications for the successful resolution of environmental conflict are the necessary and integrated contributions of all aspects of international affairs, including international security policy, economic policy, human rights and development.

INAF U8910 Food, Farming & Famine: Struggles for Sustainability. 3 Points.

Category: EE, EE: EPM, Regional

U.S. agricultural practice has been presented as a paradigm for the rest of the world to emulate, yet is a result of over a century of unique development. Contemporary agriculture has its historical roots in the widely varied farming practices, social and political organizations, and attitudes toward the land of generations of farmers and visionaries. We will explore major forces shaping the practice of U.S. agriculture, particularly geographical and social perspectives and the development and adoption of agricultural science and technology. We will consider how technological changes and political developments (government policies, rationing, subsidies) shape visions of and transmission of agriculture and the agrarian ideal.

INAF U8912 Technology, Innovation and Sustainable Goals. 1.5 Point.

Category: MIA/MPA: Short Course, EPD, EPD:Sustainable, EE, EE: EPM, AS
Spring 2017 Course Dates: Apr. 3 - Apr. 24

It has become vital (because of mass poverty, climate change, biodiversity rapid erosion, water and food crisis,...), to shift to a more sustainable form of development. This will require effectively mobilizing all resources of human societies: scientific and technical resources, as well as behavioral and institutional moving forces. None may be neglected, and the way they are articulated will be decisive.

LAW L6038 Climate Change Law. 3 points.

SIPA: E&E- Environment Policy, SIPA: Electives

      This is a Law School course.  For more detailed course information, please go to the Law School Curriculum Guide at: http://www.law.columbia.edu/courses/search    

LAW L6040 International Environmental Law. 2 points.

SIPA: MIA- Interstate Relations, SIPA: E&E- Environment Policy, SIPA: Electives

This is a Law School course. 

For more detailed course information, please go to the Law School Curriculum Guide at: http://www.law.columbia.edu/courses/search

LAW L6242 Environmental Law. 3 points.

SIPA: E&E- Environment Policy, SIPA: Electives

This is a Law School course. 

For more detailed course information, please go to the Law School Curriculum Guide at: http://www.law.columbia.edu/courses/search

LAW L8036 Natural Resources Law. 2 points.

SIPA: E&E- Environment Policy, SIPA: Electives

This is a Law School course.  For more detailed course information, please go to the Law School Curriculum Guide at: http://www.law.columbia.edu/courses/search

LAW L8452 Seminar: Energy Law. 2 points.

SIPA: E&E- IEMP, SIPA: Electives, SIPA: E&E- Energy Policy

This is a Law School course. 

For more detailed course information, please go to the Law School Curriculum Guide at: http://www.law.columbia.edu/courses/search

PLAN A4579 Introduction to Environmental Planning. 3 points.

This course provides an introduction to the background of the practice of urban environmental planning. Students should have a basic background in environmental studies, although we will spend a portion of the class reviewing human impact on the environment before turning to various management and planning strategies. The class is run in seminar fashion, meaning that there is a heavy reading load and participation in discussion is vital to a successful semester. All students are required to do preparatory reading and participant in each class, as well as lead a single seminar session. Leading a seminar includes preparing a short summary of the reading, providing questions for the class prior to the seminar and leading participants through the reading and its important planning aspects and implications in a class discussion.

Fall 2017: PLAN A4579
Course Number Section/Call Number Times/Location Instructor Points Enrollment
PLAN 4579 001/97996 Th 9:00am - 11:00am
408 Avery Hall
Peter Marcotullio 3 18/25

PLAN W4404 Urban Transportation Planning. 3 points.

Review of contemporary urban transportation issues and suggested solutions. Examination of the characteristics of various modes of movement and the interdependencies among them. Appropriate analytical techniques for each mode discussed. The transportation planning process, with its component analyses of the supply and demand functions of movement systems, is the core of the course. Selected transportation facilities reviewed

PLAN W6434 Transportation Issues Seminar. 3 points.

Prerequisites: A4404: or the instructor's permission
Discussion of major issues in transportation at several levels, from national to local, and covering the economic, political, and social implications of decision-making in transportation. Current topics and case studies are investigated.\n \n

REGN U6149 Energy, Corporate Responsibility & Human Rights. 3 Points.

Category: EPD, EPD:Social, EPD:Sustainable, EE, EE: ERM, HRHP, Regional, ICR

This class examines how to reconcile the differing/conflicting interests/goals of energy, and mining, companies and the public interest (e.g. governments); how to negotiate PPP agreements; understand the function/impact of laws and international trade agreements; and determine how CSR, especially environment and anti-corruption, and human rights apply. Case studies of multi-billion international energy pipeline projects, including TAP in Albania and Greece, TAPI in Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India, BTC in Georgian and the Caucasus and , for comparative purposes, the controversial Keystone in US and Canada, will be the prism/focus for analysis. The class is dynamic and cross-disciplinary.

REGN U6535 The Geopolitics of Russian Oil and Gas. 1.5 Point.

Category: MIA/MPA: Short Course, EE, EE: GEMP, EE: ERM, Regional
Not offered during 2017-18 academic year.

Will Russian oil and gas exports survive the political turmoil between Russia and the West? The Ukraine crisis has left Russia in political isolation from the West. However, because Russian energy is deeply integrated into the global energy system, there is a tacit understanding by both parties that, at least for now, Russian oil and gas exports will continue to flow. Thus, in the short term, it will be business as usual. However, two sanction points will make the status quo difficult to sustain: Russia will lose access to technology and unrestricted access to capital. What should Russia do? What alternatives does the EU have to Russian gas? Will it be willing to substitute Russian gas?

REGN U6538 Russia's Energy between West, East, and South. 3 Points.

Category: Regional, EPD, EPD:Sustainable

The Ongoing Tale of Russia - EU energy relations: Will the “Energy Marriage” Between Russia and the EU Endure the Latest Political Storm? The EU’s recent move toward a unified energy policy has made Russia anxious. On April 13, 2015, Alexey Miller, the CEO of Gazprom, admitted that the business model Gazprom has been following in Europe for many years is falling apart. So, what is Russia going to do? Gazprom executives are claiming that the company has come up with a new business model toward its European partners. What is this new model? And what is Russia's new energy strategy? The course will explore these questions.

SDEV U6240 Environmental Science for Sustainable Development. 3 Points.

Category: EE, EE: EPM, EPD, EPD:Sustainable

The Earth's Systems are experiencing dramatic changes that bring into question the sustainability of our planet. Essential to addressing these changes is an understanding of the functioning of the earth systems. This course provides fundamental knowledge of the topics within the natural sciences that are critical to address the issues of sustainable development. The interactions between the natural and human environment are complex and interconnected. A strong understanding of the functioning of the earth's processes is essential to addressing sustainable development challenges

SDEV U6260 Disasters and Development. 3 Points.

Category: EE, EE: EPM, EE: GEMP

This course investigates the impact of natural disasters on sustainable developing with emphasis on the role they may play in development countries. In the first decade of the 21st century an unusually large number of natural disasters - from earthquakes and associated tsunamis, to hurricanes floods and droughts -- have struck across the world, affecting countries from the wealthiest and most openly governed to the poorest with failed, fragile or authoritarian governments. The socio-economic effects in all places affected by these disasters are still unfolding. Some seem to be deeply impacted while others have had relatively little lasting impact.

SUMA K4025 Sustainability Communications Strategy and Reporting. 3 points.

The purpose of this course is to provide an overview of trends and best practices in corporate communications relating to sustainability, with a particular focus on global sustainability reporting frameworks and green marketing communications. It is designed for those who hold/will hold positions in organizations with responsibilities for communicating the sustainability goals, challenges and achievements, as well as accurately and honestly communicating the environmental aspects of an organization's products and services. Increasingly, large corporations are creating c-suite roles or dedicated departments to oversee this function. More typically, multiple functions contribute information such as: Corporate Communications, Marketing, Community Affairs, Public Policy, Environmental Health & Safety, R&D, Facilities, Operations and Legal. Benefits of reporting range from building trust with stakeholders, and uncovering risks and opportunities; to contributing to stronger long-term business strategy, and creating new products and services.

SUMA K4035 Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions: Measuring and Minimizing the Carbon Footprint. 3 points.

This course provides students with the knowledge and skills to account for and manage greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which contribute to global climate change. The course will address the importance of using estimation techniques to create GHG emissions inventories for organizations as well as for economic activities, such as transportation. The course will provide students an understanding of the protocols that that govern the practice of carbon accounting, and the standards by which GHG emissions inventories are verified and disclosed to the public. Moreover, the course will help students understand how to use carbon accounting as the basis for developing and prioritizing emissions reduction strategies for the purpose of mitigating climate change risks.

SUMA K4135 Energy Analysis for Energy Efficiency. 3 points.

Best practice in energy management will always involve some level of complex engineering to survey existing conditions and predict energy savings from various improvement options. Sustainability managers need to understand how to manage and quality control that analysis and to translate the opportunity it reveals to decision makers within their organization. This class seeks to empower students to do that by providing an understanding of building systems and methods for quantitatively analyzing the performance of alternatives. At the end of this course, students will be able to be able to analyze the energy performance of an organization's buildings and operations in order to understand how it can reduce resource utilization and environmental impact. This class requires an understanding of Microsoft Excel and an enthusiasm for quantitative analysis. Although there are no prerequisites for the class, an ability to do some math is required. If you are not interested in dealing with technical information, this class is not for you. Note: This class expands on the 1st half the content for SUMA K4260 Dynamics of Energy Efficiency. There will be significant overlap of material between the two courses.

SUMA K4140 Sustainability Science. 3 points.

Global environmental threats have suddenly become part of our everyday life, both in the form of news on natural disasters in different parts of the world and through a series of new scientific discoveries. Scientific knowledge about our planet a s a system in which there is an interplay between the atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces has increased dramatically in recent decades, In step with that development it is becoming progressively clearer that our political and economic systems must take these global challenges seriously. Sustainable development was launched 20 years ago as society's response to both to conventional social problems, such as poverty, conflicts and ill-health, and how to the new global environmental problems, such as climate change, the loss of biological diversity, water shortage and changes in land-use. That means that sustainability science is a broad scientific field which studies integrated social and natural systems, processes and structures and in which the objective of knowledge is the sustainable development of society. This interdisciplinary course seeks to provide a general overview in sustainability science and to help students develop new knowledge in order to better understand society's role as communities beginning transitioning towards sustainable development. Topics covered may include: Ecology, Ecosystems and Biodiversity, Human Populations and Development, Water: Hydrologic Cycle and Human Use, Soil: Foundation for Land Ecosystems, Traditional and New Energy Sources, Environmental Hazards and Human Health, Global Climate Change, Atmospheric Pollution, Water Pollution and Its Prevention, and Sustainable Development.

SUMA K4142 Sustainable Finance. 3 points.

This course is an introduction to how sustainability/ESG (economic, environmental, social & governance) issues have become financially material to the global credit, underwriting, insurance, risk management, venture capital and asset management capital markets. These issues have a direct impact on risk exposure and the quality of public, private and government debt/equity investments. By the end of the course, students should understand how these issues affect investment decisions made by institutional investors, corporate lenders, insurance companies, asset management funds, hedge funds, venture capitalists and retail investors, as well as business decisions made by corporate managers. They will be exposed to the global sources of environmental/sustainability corporate performance information, how "best-in-class" environmental investment relates to, and is different from, socially-responsible investing (SRI), and differences between European, North American and Asian markets. Risk management aspects of sustainable finance will be addressed, especially in regards to emerging finance areas such as carbon finance, corporate governance, sustainable development and agriculture/water development projects. SEC Reporting requirements for sustainability risks and opportunities, and the prospect of the issuance of "Integrated Corporate Reports" that combine financial and sustainability reporting will be discussed. The ethics of sustainability issues and their impact on management & finance will also be addressed.

SUMA K4169 Sustainability Metrics. 3 points.

The course will focus on sustainability indicators, the process through which they were developed, and how they are used to shape policy and track progress. This course will examine the science and history of our current environmental crisis with a focus on the various policy initiatives and actions being taken globally and locally including the specific efforts of the C40 Cities (40 largest cities) to both mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and prepare for the impacts of climate change. The class will look at case studies from different cities around the world as well as New York City's efforts through PlaNYC while introducing the principles underlying sustainability indicators-including greenhouse gas inventory protocols-and how they are used to influence and shape policies and decisions, and will offer students hands-on experience with these tools. The goal of this is to make students acquainted with the debate, challenges, and opportunities of a changing climate. The course will focus on the solutions and responses to the climate change challenges facing cities using real world and current examples. The course will survey a broad range of responses to climate change from international frameworks and global treaties to specific actions at the local level. Students will be required to critically evaluate what they have read and heard. In addition, the course will give students an opportunity to learn how to express their ideas verbally and in written form and conduct critical analysis of environmental data to develop and implement public policy. Assignments will give students the opportunity to use their technical and analytical skills while understanding the real world applications that will be important to their future professional work as planners, policymakers, advocates, architects, designers, and/or environmentalists.

SUMA K4170 Sustainable Operations. 3 points.

In this course, students will work to understand and communicate the importance of identifying and incorporating sustainability at each step along the value chain, including product design, procurement, distribution, manufacturing, product use and end-of-life disposition. By considering the organization holistically, students will perform analyses of the value chain, including Life Cycle and Cost/Benefit Analyses, and incorporate effective sustainability strategies into the organizational culture and day-to-day operations. Students will conduct risk analyses and implement risk reduction measures in an effort to develop, produce, and distribute more sustainable products and services, aligned with overall business goals. In addition to technical sustainability considerations such as climate change, energy, water and waste, students will be able to implement sustainability initiatives within operating organizations through innovative change management, culture change and other organizational strategies. Importantly, students will be challenged to think concretely about making choices and balancing elements of the triple bottom line in an overall business context.

SUMA K4175 Global Environmental Markets. 3 points.

Harnessing the power of financial markets to address environmental challenges is not a new idea, yet it offers one of the most promising mechanisms to deal with many of the world's most pressing issues including climate change, deforestation, acid rain, biodiversity and water. Environmental markets utilize transferable permits to control pollution, and have evolved from a little known policy tool to a broadly applied international program to address the largest global environmental challenges. The course will examine the theory and practice of environmental markets and will consider why emissions can now be traded. Climate change, carbon markets and the international agreements that underpin carbon markets will be discussed. The class will also look at the role of the public sector, including various U.N. agencies, multilaterals such as the World Bank, and various United States regulatory agencies including the Environmental Protection Agency, as well as the part played by the private sector. The course will end with a look to the future, to the role of the developing world, to the direction that international negotiations are heading and to programs such as avoided deforestation (REDD).

SUMA K4195 Green Accounting. 3 points.

The course introduces practitioners of environmental science and sustainability management to a number of approaches to accounting for environmental costs in business and policy. The course provides a basic introduction to financial accounting and analyzes the income statement, cash flow statement and the balance sheet using examples of cleantech and resource extraction companies. Conventional cost and management accounting concepts for business entities are introduced, with a focus on accounting for waste, depletion and byproducts. Green accounting methodologies with a systems focus such as life cycle analysis and sustainability metrics are presented. Conventional national income accounting is introduced and critically evaluated, with a detailed examination of green accounting alternatives. Worked examples and case studies are integral to each topic.

SUMA K4197 Financing the Green Economy: Markets, Business, and Politics. 3 points.

This finance course gives students a foundation in finance and financial models, and an understanding of how environmental commodities markets regulate polluting industries and provide incentives for encouraging desired behaviors. Students will also investigate the credibility of "non-financial metrics" that often accompany sustainability efforts. This course is designed to explore the large-scale transition to a low-carbon economy through several distinct vantage points, including emerging environmental markets, new businesses and industries positioned to capitalize on perceived market opportunities in addressing environmental and other national priorities, and the effects of changing energy and climate change policies on prevailing social norms. By the end of the course, students should have a basic understanding of how emerging environmental markets currently function and may be expected to function in the future. In addition, students will understand how such markets are designed and regulated to achieve policy objectives. Students should also gain an understanding of who the "players" are in new businesses and industries affecting change in this space and for their own view of their likelihood of success. In addition-students should come away with an understanding of the main drivers of policy initiatives-including the underlying politics-that have shaped the environmental finance field to date and what drivers are influencing the current debate at the federal, state, and local levels. Appreciating the issues at the intersection of markets, commercial interests, and policy should prepare students to pursue further scholarship in related areas and equip them with an understanding of the dynamics and players that will serve them well in pursuing work professionally in the environmental finance industry, or in related commercial, governmental, and not-for-profit organizations.

SUMA K4230 The Earth's Climate Systems. 3 points.

This course examines the fundamental physical processes that control the primary features and patterns of variability of the Earth's climate system. Specific topics include energy balance and the greenhouse effect, the circulation of the oceans and atmosphere, land surface interactions and feedbacks, the role of the biosphere and cryosphere, paleoclimatoloy, climate modeling, and global and regional patterns of climate variability and change observed and expected as a consequence of anthropogenic influences. The goal of the course is to provide students with the opportunity to gain a fundamental understanding of the processes that give rise to observed climate variability at a range of temporal and spatial scales. Students will develop the quantitative skills and knowledge to allow them to independently evaluate scientific claims about the state and behavior of Earth's climate system in the past, present and future. The course includes case study modules that integrate an understanding of the physical processes and important feedbacks in the context of policy- and management-relevant aspects of current and future climate change.

SUMA K4270 Policy and Legal Context of Sustainability Management. 3 points.

Public policy shapes how the man-made and natural environments are managed and regulated. Sustainability practitioners must be able to understand public policy and its effects on what they are charged to do. This course will provide students with an understanding of environmental sustainability policy and the resulting law and regulations in order to strengthen their ability to understand, interpret, and react to future developments.

SUMA K4301 International Environmental Law. 3 points.

Public policy decisions made on the international level shape how sovereign governments and multinational corporations manage the man-made and natural environments. Sustainability practitioners must be able to understand global environmental issues and their effects on what they are charged to do. This course will provide students with an understanding of international environmental policy design and the resulting body of law in order to strengthen their ability to understand, interpret, and react to future developments in the sustainability management arena. This is not a comprehensive survey of international environmental law. After grounding in the history and foundational concepts of international environmental law and governance, students will explore competing policy shapers and the relevant law in the areas of stratospheric ozone protection, climate change, chemicals and waste management, biodiversity and forest conservation. The course will finish with a discussion of corporate standards and extraterritorial application of US environmental law.

SUMA K4380 Financing Natural Infrastructure. 3 points.

"Natural infrastructure"-the use of natural or engineered ecosystems and natural areas to provide services that could be provided through "grey infrastructure"-has received increasing attention as an alternative to traditional engineering solutions to protect water supplies, reduce flood risks, manage stormwater, and provide clean air. In addition, conservation is seen as a means of providing sustainable food supplies in response to increasing demand. While "greening" infrastructure is one aspect of the solution, a critical need is finding new ways to finance the construction and operation of our infrastructure in general. This course will explore the potential for natural infrastructure to address-in place of or in conjunction with grey infrastructure-many of the challenges that we face and the financing tools that could be utilized to accelerate and take to scale its adoption. The course will draw heavily from "real-world" examples in cities, corporations, financial institutions, and national and subnational governments that have utilized natural infrastructure and/or innovative financing mechanisms to meet their needs. Through a mix of lectures, case studies, problem sets, and guest lectures, students will gain the skills needed to quantify the value of ecosystem services and understand how private investment and financial mechanisms could accelerate the use of natural infrastructure.